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Professional psychiatry generally compares Antisocial Personality Disorder to sociopathy. That’s why the term “sociopath” is sometimes used to describe an individual with anti-social personality disorder. People with anti-social personality disorder show a chronic lack of concern for the rules and expectations of society, and repeatedly violate the rights of others. Anti-social personality disorders are difficult to treat. Group counseling and treatment of coexisting conditions may help some people.
A personality disorder is a severe disturbance in the logical constitution and behavioral tendencies of an individual, usually involving several areas of the personality, and nearly always associated with considerable personal and social disruption. Personality disorder tends to appear in late childhood or adolescence and continues to manifest into adulthood.
Currently, there are 10 distinct personality disorders identified in the DSM-IV:
- Antisocial Personality Disorder
- Avoidant Personality Disorder
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Dependent Personality Disorder
- Histrionic Personality Disorder
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder
- Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
- Paranoid Personality Disorder
- Schizoid Personality Disorder
- Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Approximately 3% of men and 1% of women are thought to have some form of antisocial personality disorder according to DSM-IV. The incidence of antisocial personality is higher in people who have antisocial biological parents.
The cause of Antisocial Personality Disorder
The cause of this disorder is unknown, although most experts believe that the biological or genetic factors may play a role.
The incidence of antisocial personality is higher in people who have antisocial biological parents. There is almost always a history of similar behaviors before age 15, such as repetitive lying, truancy, delinquency, and substance abuse. Several researches have confirmed the genetic factors of antisocial behavior in adults and shown that genetic factors are more important in adults than in antisocial children. Antisocial Personality Disorder in the biological parents predicted antisocial disorder in the adopted away children.
Symptoms of the condition
People with this disorder appear to be charming at times, and make relationships, but to them, these relationships are not filled with true emotions. The relationships of the persons with this disorder including marriages, are shallow and meaningles and are ended whenever it suits them. They have the ability to find the weakness in people, and are ready to use these weaknesses to their own ends through manipulation.
Lack of true emotions
These people appear to be incapable of any true emotion. They are quick to get angry, but just as quick to let go, without holding grudges.
Living for the moment
The are rarely able to have a steady job. They live for the moment, forgetting the past, and not planning the future, not thinking ahead what consequences their actions will have. They want immediate rewards and gratification.
Most commonly, the sociopath:
- Repeatedly breaks the law
- Displays reckless or impulsive behavior
- Exhibits persistent irritability and aggressive behavior
- Repeatedly lies to and manipulates others
- Is unable to sustain long-term relationships
- Shows consistent irresponsibility, such as failing to pay bills or hold a steady job
- Abuses alcohol or drugs
- Shows little or no remorse for their actions