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Almost everyone has experienced, at least once in a lifetime, some kind of back pain.
This pain could be acute or short-term which means that it generally lasts from a few days to a few weeks, and it can be chronic- which represent a pain that persists for more than 3 months. It is often progressive and the cause can be difficult to determine. Most acute back pain is the result of trauma to the lower back or a disorder such as arthritis.
Symptoms may range from muscle ache to shooting or stabbing pain, limited flexibility and range of motion, or an inability to stand straight.
People injure their backs in all kinds of ways, and often the pain is a result of a strain rather than a dramatic accident. Pain from trauma may be caused by a sports injury, work around the house or in the garden, or in some accidents such as car accident or other stress on spinal bones and tissues.
Normal anatomy of the back
It is known that the back is a well-designed structure made up of bone, muscles, nerves and other soft tissues. Starting at the top, the spine has four regions:
- the seven cervical or neck vertebrae (labeled C1–C7),
- the 12 thoracic or upper back vertebrae (labeled T1–T12),
- the five lumbar vertebrae (labeled L1–L5), which we know as the lower back, and
- the sacrum and coccyx, a group of bones fused together at the base of the spine
Small nerves enter and emerge from the spinal cord through spaces between the vertebrae. Because every person relies on back to be the workhorse of the body- its function is essential for nearly every move that person make. Several researches done in the past have came to the conclusion that 4 out of 5 adults have at least one bout of back pain sometime during life. When someone experience pain in these structures, it could be originating from your spine, but also from surrounding muscles and nerves. Damages of some organs in abdomen, such are kidneys, could also produce pain in back region.
In most cases- some simple home treatment and proper body mechanics will often heal your back within a few weeks and keep it functional for the long haul.