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Researchers have used the DiaRem score to predict whether patients with type 2 diabetes could be cured with bariatric surgery.
Data was analyzed from medical health records of over 400 patients who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and who had undergone a Roux-and-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGBS). The criteria that needed to be met was that the records had to be at least 5 years old and patients' data up to 8 years after the operation was analyzed. These records came from patients who had participated in the original DiaRem study.
The aim of the study was to look at whether the DiaRem score could predict complete remission of type 2 diabetes, which was defined as the return of normal glucose values and no treatment being used for a year, and if the score could predict a cure for the condition, which was defined as complete remission for 5 years.
The following conclusion were made:
- 24% of the patients had partial remission which lasted at least 1 year.
- 35% of the patients had 1 or more years of complete remission.
- 25% had a prolonged partial remission.
- 20% of patients were cured of type 2 diabetes.
- In patients who were achieving decreased remission, the DiaRem score increased. This was true for any length of remission.
The clinical significance
The conclusive findings were that bariatric surgery not only put type 2 diabetes into remission, but also cured it in a percentage of patients. The patients who were more likely to experience these benefits were those with lower DiaRem scores.
This would indicate that patients seen in a clinical setup who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and who had low DiaRem scores, could benefit from bariatric surgery. The sample data of this study was reasonably low, therefore further research on larger population groups has been suggested by the research team.
The biggest benefit of such a procedure, in patients with type 2 diabetes, is that it would improve their quality of life by reducing the risk of developing complications.
Complication of diabetes
The following are complications associated with diabetes.
- Nerve damage - this occurs due to injury to the small vessels carrying blood to the nerves. When the blood flow to these nerves are compromised, then the nerves start to become damaged.
- Cardiovascular disease - such as heart attacks and strokes.
- Eye issues - such as cataracts and glaucoma.
- Kidney damage - due to damage by excess glucose to the filtering system of the kidneys.
- Foot-related issues - such as decreased sensation in the feet and slowed healing of wounds.
- Skin conditions - such as fungal and bacterial infections.