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With cognitive therapy you change patterns of thinking or behavior and so you change the way you feel. We continue to hold on to the same old thoughts and fail to learn anything new. Cognitive therapy is not a cure for depression or bipolar disorder. This therapy introduces you with some principles that you can apply whenever you need to. Cognitive therapy focuses on the thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes that we hold and how this relates to the way we behave, as a way of dealing with emotional problems. This therapy is typically used in combination with drug treatment, and last 3 to 6 months, cognitive therapy isn’t over night process.
Cognitive Therapy Theory
When you in depression all kinds of negative thoughts could overtake your life. There is theory that it's not events themselves that upset us, but the meanings we give them. The thinking patterns are set up in childhood, and become automatic. Cognitive therapy could help you to understand your thinking patterns. It helps you to step outside your automatic thoughts and test them out. This therapy would encourage you examine real-life experiences to see what happens to you, in similar situations.
You must be aware that negative things can and do happen. You may be basing your predictions and interpretations on a biased view of the situation, making the difficulty that you face seem much worse. Cognitive therapy can help you with exercise to correct these misinterpretations.
How does it work?
- Cognitive therapy may teach you a new approach to dealing with problems that have their basis in an emotional disturbance.
- You should be observer of your own nearly automatic worst thoughts. When you recognize those thoughts, you can turn these thoughts around and substitute new ones.
- Cognitive therapy is way for long-term recovery. Also is early warning system against future depressions and manic episodes. For more moderate forms of depression cognitive therapy may be a preferred option to drugs. In cognitive therapy you aren’t a passive recipient of care. There are cognitive therapy exercises, homework; they are tools which help you to deal with negative thoughts.
- Cognitive therapy has a highly educational component, much use is made of reading material in individual therapy and this has been expanded into a large self-help literature over recent years. Cognitive therapy could be done individually or with a group of people. Therapy can also be done from a self-help book or computer program.
- If you have individual therapy, session will last between 30 and 60 minutes. You will need between 5 and 20 sessions. In the first sessions, the therapist will check that you can use cognitive therapy.
- You should know that the therapist will also ask you questions about your past life and background.
- With the therapist, you break each problem down into its separate parts. You should to keep a diary. This will help you to identify your individual patterns of thoughts.