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Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, for both men and women. Almost one in every four deaths around the world is due to some type of heart disease. You are more likely to die from a heart disease than any other disease. These alarming stats necessitate that every person should be aware of etiology and risk factors of heart disease. Knowledge of these risk factors will enable you to reform your lifestyle in such a way that will reduce your chances of getting heart disease.
The incidence of heart disease is rapidly increasing day by day, though its rate of occurrence really "mushroomed" just a few decades ago. What changed? Is it because of a genetic mutation that took place somewhere in between, or is it a bug? Are modern lifestyle changes to blame?
A number of studies have shown that this rising incidence of heart disease has everything to do with our modern lifestyle. It is due to these lifestyle changes that the diseases that were rare or even non-existent in the past are now the leading causes of human death.
Heart Disease Facts Every Modern Human Should Be Familiar With
You may be surprised to learn that:
- Heart diseases kill more people than all cancers combined.
- More than 17.5 million people died from cardiovascular diseases in 2012 worldwide.
- More than 2500 people die every day from heart disease in US. This means that one person dies from a heart disease every 34 seconds.
- One in three women dies from heart disease while one in 30 dies from breast cancer in America.
- Heart disease is a vast term which covers conditions like coronary artery disease (angina and heart attack), congestive heart failure, cardiac arrest and congenital heart diseases.
- Coronary artery disease is the most common condition of all of these. It occurs due to a narrowing of the arteries that supply the heart (coronary arteries) which results in loss of blood supply to the heart tissue. Heart attack (myocardial infarction) means death of heart cells due to of loss of blood supply.
- Cardiac arrest is a different condition. A sudden cardiac arrest means that the heart has suddenly stopped pumping due to some electrical abnormality.
- After heart disease, other common causes of death include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (lung disease), stroke and cancer. Interestingly, the incidence of almost all these conditions is affected by our lifestyle including diet, activity level, smoking, and alcohol.