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A hysterectomy is an operation in which a woman's uterus is removed. There are several variations of this operation and sometimes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and cervix are removed at the same time. These organs are located in a woman's lower abdomen.

The cervix is the lower end of the uterus and ovaries are organs that produce eggs and hormones. The fallopian tubes the “pipes” that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Hysterectomy ranks as one of the most common surgical procedures among women. Most women are concerned because they don’t know if the pregnancy is possible after the hysterectomy.

Incidence of the procedure

Hysterectomy is the second most common major surgery among women in the United States. Each year, more than 600,000 hysterectomies are done. About one third of women in the United States have had a hysterectomy by age 60.

 

Number of Hysterectomies
in the United States(1975-1997)

 

Year

 

Number

 

Rate per 1,000 Women (age 15+)

 

1997

 

603,000

 

4.4

 

1996

 

591,000

 

5.5

 

1995

 

583,000

 

5.5

 

1990

 

591,000

 

5.8

 

1985

 

670,000

 

6.9

 

1980

 

649,000

 

7.1

 

1975

 

724,000

 

8.6

 

 

 

Major Diagnostic Indications for Hysterectomies*
(1988-1993)

 

Reason

 

Percent
Diagnosis

 

Fibroids

 

33.3

 

Endometriosis

 

18.8

 

Prolapse

 

16.4

 

Other

 

15.9

 

Cancer

 

10.1

 

Endometrial Hyperplasia

 

5.3

 















 

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