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The ovaries are located in the lower part of the abdomen. They also play several very important roles in the reproductive system. They produce hormones such as estrogen which facilitates menstruation and facilitate the release of the egg each month making fertilization possible.

Acute and Chronic Ovarian Pain

Many women complain about discomfort and pain in the ovaries, which can be very acute ovarian pain, which tend to start very quickly, for example in and over several minutes or days, and usually goes away fast, in a short period of time. On the other hand, the pain can also be more of a chronic nature in which the pain comes on gradually, and tend to linger for several weeks and months.

For many, the pain can be debilitating, interfering and interrupting daily activities. It can also be continuous, or it may go away, only to reappear shortly after (comes and goes). The pain may also be exacerbated by exercise, lifting, and general exertion and in some cases, even during sex and /or urination.

Causes

If you are experiencing achiness, sharp, shooting, constant, and at times even debilitating pains in the lower abdomen/ovaries, the main culprit(s) are usual tumors and or cysts. Since the reasons are unclear, it is important to be checked regularly, especially if this is consistent by your doctor or gynecologist. Your doctor will make a diagnosis after conducting a physical exam, taking a medical history to decipher what the cause could be.

Cysts and tumors are the most common causes for sharp, or shooting and constant pain in the ovaries, and pelvic area. They are usually formed at ovulation and are essentially fluid-filled sacs, particularly common in women of child-bearing ages. Therefore, if at the time of ovulation the egg is not released as intended, the sac that holds the egg will not become completely dissolved. This causes cysts to form, which usually causes no major symptoms and tend to dissolve on their own, for most part and for some women.

This however, is the best case scenario; since cysts can and often do trigger a sharp pain or dull ache especially if the cysts grow faster than normal and become ruptured somehow. Such cysts can also cause: severe pain during intercourse, urination and/or bowel movements. They can also trigger nausea or vomiting, bloatedness, and the feeling of uncomfortably fullness even after eating small portions.

Diagnosis

A pelvic exam and/or an ultrasound will help your doctor to determine the cause of your discomfort and pain, and he or she will monitor your condition accordingly.

Additionally, it would be a good idea to keep a log and detail your experience while this is happening. Look for patterns and common factors, and also, please DO NOT hesitate to tell your doctor your entire history.

This is not the time to withhold information - however private and or embarrassing you may feel, some of the information you will share with your doctor is. Remember, as medical and health care professionals, we are very used to hearing very personal details, from many different patients. It is simply a part of the job, and is in YOUR best interests.

Treatment

The good news is that ovarian cysts can be treated, and most will disappear on their own.

Your doctor may also use birth control pills to relieve the pain from ovarian cysts. The pills tend to prevent ovulation. Which in turn reduces future formation of new cysts.

Also, the minor surgical procedure, laparoscopy, is also sometimes considered, for the removal of cysts. The procedure uses small incisions, a very small camera and very steady hands. The camera is usually inserted into the abdomen.

If however you are not menopausal and the symptoms are not debilitating, annoying, nor are they affecting your daily activities; instead of treating your ovarian cysts, your doctor or gynecologist will typically check periodically to ensure stability and check particularly for any major deviation or dramatic changes in your condition, such as abnormal growth.

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