Different jurisdictions have different laws regarding the availability of abortions to minors. In this article is a summary of rights of minors to abortions in a number of states and countries as of July 18, 2016, subject to change without notice. This is not advice on whether or not to have an abortion, just basic information on what the law permits.
In the United States, some states do not require parental permission or notification before a woman of any age receives an abortion. These states include:
- New York
Other states require that at least one parent be notified before a minor receives an abortion:
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
In the states listed above, the parent must be notified, but does not necessarily have to give consent to the procedure.
In still other states, both parents must be notified before their minor child has an abortion, but they do not necessarily have to give their consent. These states include:
In some states, one parent must give consent before a minor receives an abortion. These states include:
- South Carolina
- North Carolina
- Rhode Island
In two states, both parents must give their consent before their minor child has an abortion:
- North Dakota
In the rest of the states (Alaska, California, Idaho, Illinois, Montana, Nevada, and New Mexico) laws concerning parental consent or notification are being decided by the courts.
Other countries have their own laws regarding abortion for minors.
- In Australia, except in Western Australia, neither parent has to be notified. In the state of Western Australia, in most cases one of the parents must be notified if the woman is under the age of 16.
- In France, a woman under 18 is not required to have parental consent or to inform her parents, but she must be accompanied to the clinic by an adult of her choice who is then prohibited by law from disclosing the fact that she has had an abortion.
- In India women can receive abortions if they are less than 7 weeks pregnant. Minor women must have the permission of at least one parent.
- In New Zealand, there are no restrictions on abortion for pregnant women under the age of 16 with regard to parental notification or consent.
- In Poland, a woman under the age of 18 must always get parental consent for an abortion.
- In Sweden, a woman of any age is never required to get parental consent for an abortion.
- In South Africa, any woman of any age can get an abortion if she has been pregnant for less than 13 weeks. Women under the age of 18 will be advised but not required to tell their parents. However, if the woman does not give evidence that she understands the procedure, then a parent or guardian will have to be give informed consent.
- In the United Kingdom, doctors are not allowed to disclose that a woman over the age of 13 has had an abortion, and neither parental consent nor parental information is required. However, if the woman is under 13, child welfare authorities will be consulted to determine if there has been sexual abuse or rape.
- In the Russian Federation, abortion is restricted to the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and there is also a two to seven day waiting period before the procedure can be performed. In the case of rape, the abortion can be performed up to 22 weeks of pregnancy, and there is no time limit for abortions for medical reasons.
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