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Ayurvedic Term- Rajayakshma
Synonyms in Ayurveda-Shosha, Kshaya, Yakshma, Rogaraja
 
Introduction-

Nowadays tuberculosis is a common infectious disease in developing countries. Mycobacterium tuberculae is a causative organism which commonly attacks the lungs and manifests pulmonary tuberculosis. But, it may affect other parts of the body and this is known as ‘extra pulmonary tuberculosis’.
 
Causes-
  • Tuberculosis is caused due to Infection by mycobacterium tuberculosis. The main cause of disease spread is low immunity.
  • Mostly in the patients of AIDS, diabetes, cancer patients taking chemotherapy due to low immunity
  • Breathing air droplets from Sneezing, coughing of T. B. infected person.
  • Excessive intake of fast food, junk food.
  • Lack of essential nutrients
  • Lack of proper hygiene.
  • Frequent contact with the patient of T.B.
  • Low socio-economic status

Additional causes mentioned by Ayurveda-
  • Suppression of natural urges
  • Excessive intake of dry food by thin (undernourished) person
  • Excessive physical strain & exercise
  • Intake of incompatible food, irregular meal timings
  • Excessive indulgence in sexual activity

Signs and symptoms-
  • Cough is the main symptom (usually productive)
  • Fever
  • Excessive sweating (usually at night)
  • Fatigue
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Blood stained sputum (hemoptysis) may be present
  • Tender and enlarge lymph nodes in the neck and other sites are present in advanced stage

Signs and symptoms according to Ayurveda-
These are divided into three categories according to symptoms-

 
1) Trirupa Rajayakshma-
  • Burning sensation in scapular region and lateral sides of chest region
  • Burning sensation in hands and legs
  • Fever

2) Shadarupa Rajayakshma-
  • Anorexia
  • Fever
  • Breathlessness
  • Cough
  • Hemoptysis
  • Hoarseness of voice

3) Ekadasharupa Rajayakshma-
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Pain in scapular region and lateral sides of chest region
  • Stiffness in scapular region and lateral sides of chest region
  • Fever
  • Burning sensation
  • Diarrhea
  • Hemoptysis
  • Anorexia
  • Heaviness of head
  • Cough
  • Continues attack of coughing

Diagnosis-
  • Confirm diagnosis can be done by procedures mentioned below-
  • Presence of acid-fast bacilli in the sputum sample
  • Mountox test
  • X-ray chest
  • CT Scan chest
  • Biopsy of the affected tissue

Prevention by diet and lifestyle modification-
Food to eat     
  • Shalishashtika, wheat    
  • Sweet ingredients    
  • Grapes, coconut, pomegranate, mango, almond, dried raisins    
  • Goat’s milk, ghee, butter and meat    

Food to avoid
  • Bringle
  • Karela
  • Fermented food, junk food
  • Alcohol

  • Don’t neglect the symptoms like cough, fever, fatigue.
  • Drink plenty of water. It will help to maintain the proper digestion.
  • All vegetables, green leafy vegetable and fruits should be included in diet; as they are having fibers useful for digestion.
  • Don’t eat incompatible food together.
  • Follow your meal timings.
  • Don’t suppress natural urges.
  • Don’t take day sleep. Take adequate night sleep.
  • Avoid excessive physical strain as well as exercise

Ayurvedic approach- Pulmonary tuberculosis
Pulmonary tuberculosis is a disease which leads to severe weakness and number of medical ill effects. Infection may be spread by various means. Ayurveda has a better solution for pulmonary T.B. Ayurveda is a science of life; which gives guidelines for diet and lifestyle.
 
Low immunity is the main reason of pulmonary tuberculosis. Ayurveda helps you to improve immunity and to combat with the disease; it also prevents disease. Ayurveda offers oral medications which can give you symptomatic relief from cough, anorexia, fever, etc. Ayurveda believes that imbalance of Tridosha is the main reason for low immunity. So Ayurveda corrects them to boost immunity.
 
Regulation of digestive fire is an essential factor for health. Digestive fire controls your appetite, metabolism, excretion, nourishment, etc. Ayurveda offers good oral medications in different forms to regulate digestive fire. It helps to overcome the disease.
 
Ayurveda considers that sapta dhatu degeneration is present in case of T.B. Ayurvedic medicines nourish each and every dhatu gradually.
 
Ayurveda offers certain purification procedures (panchakarma). These procedures help to remove disease from its root cause. Panchakarma like Virechana (purgation) and Vamana (emesis) can be used in pulmonary tuberculosis according to severity of disease and strength of the patient, to avoid further progression of the disease. Panchakarma procedures are useful in prevention also. Any healthy person can also undergo these procedures for well-being.
 
Ayurveda offers dietary and lifestyle advice according to diseases. Lifestyle modifications like regular meal timings, regular but moderate exercise, maintaining proper hygiene, etc. dietary advice such as what to eat? What to avoid, etc. are very useful factors to treat abdominal tuberculosis from its root. One can prevent this type of illness by following Ayurveda.

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Very informative article. Thanks for posting this

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i am findings symptoms of tb in me

 

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very very helpful knowledge i got from you. Thanks a tonne.
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