1. Importance of Grain Cereals
2. Barley
3. Maize
4. Rice
5. Wheat
6. Importance of Pulses
7. Bengal Gram
8. Black Gram
9. Green Gram
10. Pigeon Pea
11. Importance of Nuts and Seeds
12. Almond
13. Coconut
14. Groundnut
15. Mustard Seeds
16. Safflower Seeds
17. Sesame Seeds
18. Sunflower Seeds
19. Curd
20. Honey
21. Milk
22. Sugarcane

Grains are generally classified as the seeds of cereal plants. They are characterised by their smallness, hardness and low water content. Most of them belong to the family of grasses, known scientifically as the family of gramineas.

The ancient Romans called Demeter, the Greek goddes of the grains and harvests, Ceres. The word cereal is derived from her name. Cereals have been the staple human diet from prehistoric times because of their wide cultivation, good keeping qualities, blend flavour and great variety, Each of the cereals has characteristic properties and uses.

The cultivation of grains for human consumption was probably developed around 10,000 B.C. It signified the commencement of the era of stable civilisation from the primitive unsettled nomadic life. Ground cereal converted into bread for meal revolved soom thereafter. Cereals have been modified and improved by centuries of cultivation and selective breeding.


**edited by moderator**