As we mentioned in previous articles during the last stage of the menstrual cycle normally a layer of endometriosis lining in the inside of the uterus is expelled, known as menstruation blood but instead some of the endometriosis tissues growing somewhere in the body causing endometriosis. Endometriosis also reacts to hormonal signals of the monthly menstrual cycle by building up tissue, breaking it, and eliminating it through the menstrual period. If all other treatments have failed to treat your endometriosis located at the abdomen or uterine prolapse, then vagina hysterectomy may be necessary. In this article, we will discuss what is vagina hysterectomy? I. Definition Vagina hysterectomy is not the best surgical procedure for removing only the uterus and cervix unless there are problems caused by uterine prolapse as the surgeon require to perform operation to repair the weakened tissue under the vagina in order to support the bladder, small bowel and the rectum. II. How it works vagina hysterectomy is more simple than abdominal hysterectomy. After inserting the speculum into the vagina and anesthesia has been administrated, then a incision is cut to open around the cervix then cramp the vessels and cut all the supporting ligaments. Finally the uterine artery and the uterus and cervix are removed through the incision and out of vagina, because it is impossible to preserve the cervix with this type of approach. If necessary, the Fallopian tubes is also removed. There are remote chance that your surgeon may have to switch to the abdominal hysterectomy if encountering other problems during surgery. III. Risk a) Bleeding during and after operation b) Infection at the incision It can be easily treated with intravenous antibiotics c) Constipation It can usually be controlled with a regimen of stool softeners, dietary fiber. Water drinking is always helpful. d) Urine retention or urinary infection Damaging the adjacent organs, such as bladder by medical instrument used during operation. e) Early menopause It is caused by interruption of blood flow to the ovaries as a result of removing the uterus. f) Blood clots Vagina hysterectomy increases the risk of developing blood clots in the deep veins of the leg or lung as in abdominal hysterectomy. Since endometriosis is treatable and manageable by natural remedies and self help course, if you have endometroisis, please look at the bright side. I hope this information will help.You can read more of my articles about endometriosis at steady health article panel- women health.