Morbidity and mortality are two terms used to suggest negative incidents for a person, i.e. illness and death.
The term morbidity is used to describe illness, impairment, or degradation of health within a population, usually related to chronic and age-related diseases which can worsen over time.
On the other hand, the term mortality is used to indicate the number of people who died within a population, as a cause of disease, age, accident, and so on.
Morbidity and mortality are often used together to calculate the prevalence of a disease and how likely that disease is to be deadly, particularly for certain demographics, however, they differ in how they are measured and how they can affect the population.
Keeping with the current information on morbidity and mortality rates within a certain population can help healthcare professionals improve patient safety and quality of care.
As a part of its ongoing efforts to address the importance of recognizing the issues in patient safety that can result from a range of causes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) started publishing the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, or shortly MMWR, back in 1952.
The MMRW is a weekly epidemiological digest for the United States that contains data on specific diseases as reported by state and territorial health departments and reports on infectious and chronic diseases, environmental hazards, natural or human-generated disasters, occupational diseases and injuries, and intentional and unintentional injuries.
Often dubbed as "the voice of CDC," MMWR remains CDC's primary source for the scientific publication of authoritative, accurate, and up-to-date public health information and recommendations used not only in the U.S but by the physicians, nurses, epidemiologists and other health specialists around the globe.
The access to CDC's health information and recommendations is easier nowadays thanks to the MMWR Express app that brings the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) to the mobile devices.
MMWR Express app is another great addition to an expanding collection of free mobile apps from CDC, including CDC Vaccine Schedules app, CDC Contraception app, or the latest PTT Advisor app, which are some of the CDC apps we reviewed here on SteadyHealth website.
MMWR Express app was created for physicians, nurses, and medical students enabling them to quickly access the content and always have the most up-to-date information.
The app interface is very simple and easy to navigate. When opened for the first time, you'd notice that the app is already populated with reports dating back to 2016, listed from the latest reports to oldest.
To update the reports simply pull the screen down and the app would start downloading the new content from the CDC. Keep in mind that this action requires an Internet connection.
Once downloaded, the reports will be available offline, however, only the titles. To access the content you'd need either WiFi or mobile data enabled.
There is a blue dot next to each title that indicates reports that haven't been opened. Once you tap on the report, the dot would disappear.
The report opens the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report on CDC page, however, the page opens in the app. This is great because you don't have to navigate outside the app to view the content. Another great thing is that reports are easy to view on a mobile device.
Besides the full text, there are also summaries available for particular reports containing details what was known about the topic, what was added to the previous version of the report, and what the implications may be for public health practice.
Users can also use the search function to look up a specific MMWR report or to search by a particular topic. Topics are already listed ranging from states to particular conditions and terms, which makes the search much easier.
There is a sharing function which allows users to share report articles with their peers via email, text messages, Twitter, or Facebook posts.
The MMWR Express app provides detailed and regularly updated information on various topics in the form of the CDC's monographs on diseases and conditions (HIV, Ebola, influenza, arthritis, heart disease, etc.), exposures (zinc, cigarette smoke, drowsy driving, etc.), prophylaxis, and many other topics.
These monographs are mobile friendly, well-organized, evidence-based, and ready to be used at the point of care and with your patients.
This makes the app beneficial for all clinicians, as well as nurses and medical students in need of quick and easy access to current reliable and authoritative public health facts and recommendations.
Even the healthcare practitioners who are not already regular readers of MMWR may find this app a valuable clinical resource for their practice once they've started using it.
I couldn't really find any cons about this app, so I would highly recommend it.
Benefit: This app has been developed for healthcare professionals who would benefit from the most up-to-date public health information