The largest study on pre-maturity showed that infants born early may be more likely to face many neurological and developmental problems and less likely to have children of their own in adulthood if they survive because statistics show these babies were also more likely to die in childhood.

Researchers fear that these children may develop health problems that will persist throughout the child's lifetime.
Due to the advances in neonatology, the number of premature infants who make it through their first year continues to grow but the number of troubled infants and adults will also grow in return. The survival rates are being improved but at the cost of developing significant problems later in life.

More than half a million babies are born prematurely every year in US, which makes one in every eight although the physicians are doing their best to bring more pregnancies to full terms. Some of the reasons of babies being born earlier are assisted reproductions, but there are also induced premature deliveries and caesarean sections but more than often it is for the convenience of doctor or mother.
The possible consequences of premature births include learning disabilities, neurological problems, lung diseases and cerebral palsy.