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Overview

SGPT is the abbreviation for serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase, also known as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and it is an enzyme produced by the liver which is crucial for energy production by the body.

This enzyme is also present in different tissues such as the heart and muscles and it is very important for the body as its function is to speed up the reactions that take place in the liver.

The normal range for SGPT is between 8 and 58 units per litre of blood and if the levels exceed the mentioned range then this could indicate a liver-related issue or liver damage.

The liver is a very important organ as it performs many functions such as:

  • Digestion through the production of bile which helps to break down fats in the gastrointestinal system.
  • Clotting of blood by producing clotting factors.
  • Metabolism by breaking down products that are consumed into their active forms.

Therefore, it is very important for one to take care of their liver.

Suggestions to Help Lower High SGPT Levels

There are natural ways to help lower one's high SGPT levels such as:

  • Consuming organic food as they help to better regulate the liver since they are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
  • Including vitamin D in the diet as it helps to prevent liver damage. Good sources of vitamin D include apples, mushrooms, eggs, soy milk, oranges, green leafy vegetables, fatty fish, dairy products, tofu, and fortified cereals.
  • Eating coloured fruit and vegetables such as papaya, bell peppers, spinach, carrots, pomegranates, and kiwis as they are all rich in antioxidants which help to protect the liver.
  • Avoiding foods that are deep-fried and oily.
  • Avoiding foods that are high in sodium and salt.
  • Avoid or at least reduce the intake of junk foods such as pork and chicken skins, meat fats, bacon, cheese and butter as they may contain growth hormones, antibiotics, steroids, artificial flavours or colours, and certain chemicals that can hurt the liver.

Certain lifestyle modifications can also help prevent damage to the liver as well as reduce SGPT levels if they are already high. These include:

  • Reducing the intake of alcohol as it is extremely harmful to the liver.
  • Stopping or reducing tobacco use can also help since nicotine and ammonia present in smoke can be absorbed into the bloodstream and this ends up being metabolized by the liver.
  • Increasing physical exertion through exercise. One's overall health can be improved through the performance of simple exercises such as walking, jogging, and swimming and these can help to keep the liver healthy.
  • Regular checkups at one's primary care doctor. Liver enzyme tests can be requested by drawing a blood sample from an individual and these will demonstrate whether there are any abnormalities with one's SGPT levels.
There are certain conditions that can elevate SGPT levels and the most common ones being the different types of hepatitis. Syphilis can also cause damage to the liver and raise SGPT levels. 

Consulting a doctor to examine and investigate an individual further will help to diagnose or rule out such issues but if they are present, they can be managed effectively enough through prescription medications.

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