Couldn't find what you looking for?

TRY OUR SEARCH!

dowhat type of chemicals does the lab test for when chemical is checked off on a bloodwork requistion?

Loading...

Well, the test don't really test for chemicals as such, but various biological substances, compounds, or biproducts.

Chem-20 is a group of 20 chemical tests performed on serum (the portion of blood without cells). These tests include total cholesterol, total protein, and various electrolytes. Electrolytes in the body include sodium, potassium, chlorine, and many others. The rest of the tests looks at chemicals that help the liver and kidney breakdown various substances.


A full Chem Panel/CBC tests consists of 35 different tests including the following:

- Glucose, fasting: This test directly measures glucose levels and is commonly used in the evaluation of diabetes.
- Uric acid: This test is used in the evaluation of gout or recurrent urinary calculi.
- BUN (blood urea nitrogen): This test is used to measure liver function and indirectly to assess renal function and glomerular filtration rate.
- Creatinine: This is a renal function test used to estimate glomerular filtration rate, and follow progression of renal disease.
- BUN/Creatinine ratio: This test is used to diagnose impaired renal function. With creatinine, BUN is used to monitor individuals on dialysis.
- Sodium: This routine test is used to evaluate and monitor fluid and electrolyte balance and therapy.
- Potassium: This routine test is used to evaluate and monitor electrolyte balance and is especially important for cardiac individuals.
- Chloride: This test by itself does not provide adequate information. However, as part of a multiphasic testing for electrolytes it can give an indication of acid-base balance and hydrational status.
- Calcium: This test is used to evaluate parathyroid function and calcium metabolism.
- Phosphorus: This test is used to measure serum phosphorus. An imbalance could indicate the possibility of any number of conditions.
- Protein/Albumin/Globulin: This test is used to assist in the detection of many diseases that affect blood proteins as a whole or one single fraction of protein.
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio: This test is used to evaluate renal disease and other chronic disease.
- Bilirubin: This test is used to evaluate liver function
- Alkaline Phosphatase: This test is used to detect and monitor liver and/or bone disease.
- LDH (Lactic dehydrogenase): This test measures the intracellular enzyme LDH which, when present in the blood, can support the detection of injury or disease.
- AST (SGOT): This test is used to evaluate the possibility of coronary occlusive heart disease or liver disease.
- ALT (SGPT): This test is used to identify liver disease and to distinguish between the liver and red blood cell hemolysis as the source of jaundice.
- Iron: This test is used to evaluate many disease including iron deficiency anemia and hemochromatosis.
- Cholesterol: This test is used to determine the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and hyperlipidemias.
- Triglycerides: This test is used to identify the risk of developing coronary heart disease or if fat metabolism disorders are suspected.
- HDL Cholesterol: This test measures alpha lipoprotein and is used to predict heart disease.
- LDL Cholesterol: This test measures beta lipoproteins and is used to predict heart disease.
- Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio: This test is used to determine the risk for coronary heart disease.
- CBC (complete blood count) with platelets and differential: This is a series of tests of the peripheral blood which provides a variety of information about the blood components. This series includes the following tests:
-Red blood cell count
-Hemoglobin
-Hematocrit
-Red blood cell indices
-Mean corpuscular hemoglobin
-Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
-Red blood cell distribution
-White blood cell count
-Differential count
-Platelet count
Reply

Loading...