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High uric acid levels can come from a number of potential factors that can be caused by decisions you are making inadvertently. Here, I will discuss some of the most likely causes of high uric acid levels. 

The most obvious thing that doctors will need to explore when you are presenting with high levels of uric acid would be if there are any signs of kidney damage. The kidneys are very important when it comes to processing urea. This is a by-product of digestion and when there is a problem with your kidneys, your body will not be able to process urea as effectively. As a result, levels of uric acid, the precursor of urea, will be higher. You will need to go for an examination to check your creatinine levels and BUN in order to make sure that your kidneys are working effectively. You may need more extensive examination studies like an ultrasound in order to make sure that the blood supply to the kidneys is also adequate. 

Once it has been determined that your kidneys are not the cause of your high uric acid levels, the road is no straighter to determine what else could be the underlying cause. The diet you follow can be another cause of why you will have high levels of uric acid. Diets high in purines are likely to cause a build-up of uric acid. These would be foods like liver, anchovies, sardines, dried beans, and peas typically. 

Not only can the food you eat be a reason that you have high uric acid levels, what you drink can also have a substantial impact on the levels of uric acid. Drinking alcohol can cause increased levels of uric acid. Not only will it damage the kidneys indirectly, but alcohol can also retard the processing of uric acid digestion by blocking enzymes responsible for their digestion. 

Medications like niacin can also cause increased levels of uric acid. This is a medication that will be prescribed if a patient has high levels of triglycerides and cholesterol. Even if it works remarkably at reducing your bad blood test results, it will lead to an accumulation of uric acid as cholesterol and triglyceride units are digested to increase the level of uric acid in the body. 

Low thyroid levels also increase the level of uric acid that you may see on blood tests. The thyroid is a very important endocrine organ that can regulate not only the kidneys but also most other organs in our bodies. When thyroid levels are low, there will not be the same stimulus to your kidneys in order to get them to function as effectively. 

If all of these common causes of high uric levels have been ruled out, another possibility is a genetic predisposition. Patients who have a family history of high uric acid levels often have several cases of relatives been affected by this disease. Ask your close family if they have ever been diagnosed with a high uric acid level. [1]

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