Now, both may have the chance to carry a pregnancy, in the very same wombs they themselves occupied!
Trials were conducted on mice and primates before the surgeries that were carried out during the weekend of 15-16 September, and there is every chance that these complex operations will end with pregnancies as well. Still, member of the 10-people strong surgical team Michael Olausson said: "We are not going to call it a complete success until this results in children. That's the best proof." The women, whose identities were not revealed, will be monitored for a year before they are ready to start trying to get pregnant. That process has already been set in motion both commenced IVF treatment before undergoing the uterus transplantation, have had eggs harvested and embryos created. If their recovery process goes as expected, they may be ready to have an embryo or two returned to their new uterus next year! Do you think receiving your mother's uterus and carrying your baby in exactly the same space you grew in? Let's take a look at the procedure in a little more detail, looking at the necessary steps:
- The uterus is removed from the donor. The donor, being the recipient's mother, is considered very low risk. The removal process involves cutting the surrounding organs loose and gently extracting the uterus, ensuring no damage occurs.
- The uterus is placed on an ice bed to keep it fresh, and the blood vessels are treated with special liquid.
- The uterus is placed in the recipient's body, attaching it in all the necessary places. It takes from 20 to 40 minutes to complete this process, starting with the time the uterus was successfully removed from the donor.
- The uterus is monitored for signs that the body is rejecting it.
- After a year, pregnancy can be attempted.
- The uterus can be removed within weeks of the baby's birth, unless the couple wants to attempt to have another child.
How are the two women and their moms doing after the first couple of parts of this multi-step plan? Team leader Mats Br nnstr m, professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Gothenburg and chief physician at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital Women s Clinic, explained: "More than 10 surgeons, that had trained together on the procedure for several years, took part in the complicated surgery. Both patients that received new uteri are doing fine but are tired after surgery.
The donating mothers are up and walking and will be discharged from the hospital within a few days." The team, which certainly did an amazing thing, was not the first to carry out a uterus transplantation on humans. Doctors in Turkey and Saudi Arabia both reported uterus transplantations before. It is unclear what happened in the Turkish case, in which a woman received the uterus of a deceased donor. The woman from Saudi Arabia had to have her new uterus removed after three months because of a blood clot. The Swedish team was the first to do mother-daughter uterus transplantations, and will hopefully also be the first to make motherhood possible for women in this situation.