Commonly Used Medications For The Management Of Ulcerative Colitis
As previously mentioned, anti-inflammatory are the first line of medications used in the management of ulcerative colitis. Aminosalicyclates (Sulfasalazine, Mesalazine, Balsalazide, Olsalazine, etc.) are ideal, because they work both as an ainti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial. When they are broken down in the intestines, their active ingredient, 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) works to monitor the inflammation. They also have an anti-oxidant action that allows them to fight bacteria and protect the colonic epithelium from undergoing more damage. Steroids (prednisone, cortisone, etc.) are also given to reinforce the anti-inflammatory effect. Hydrocortisone is applied topically for the skin lesions. Additionally, immunosuppresive drugs (such as azathioprine, mercaptopurine) are given to lessen the immune system's response.