im 15 and have lumps under both my nipples i have had them for quite a long time they hurt a little i do not know what they are can anyone help me
Lumps under nipples or just anywhere in the breast can be for various reasons. I will list some of them and more below -
Physiological (normal) swelling and tenderness
This is also known as fibrocystic change or fibroadenosis. Your breasts change throughout your menstrual cycle each month because of your hormones. At least half of all women who have periods will have some pain, tenderness and lumpiness in their breasts at some time in the month. This is usually most obvious in the week before your period. It quickly goes when your period starts. It is more common in women aged 30-50.
This is a benign (non-cancerous) breast lump that usually occurs in women under the age of 40. They occur as a result of excess growth of the glands and connective tissue in the breasts. They usually feel like round, firm, and rubbery lumps. They usually move slightly under the skin when they are pressed. They are not usually painful.
Sometimes they can disappear of their own accord or they can be removed. They tend to go after the menopause.
A cyst is a fluid-filled lump. Cysts are more common in women approaching menopause, although they can occur at any age. They are usually oval or round lumps that are smooth and firm. They tend to move slightly when pressed. It is common for them to appear within two weeks prior to your period and then resolve soon after the period.
Treatment of breast cysts typically involves draining the fluid in them by using a thin needle inserted into your breast by the doctor. After draining, about 3 in 10 cysts will refill with fluid, but can be drained again.
A lump caused by infection is fairly common in women who are breast-feeding. The ducts that carry the breast milk can become blocked. Bacteria, or germs, can enter through cracks in the nipple. This can lead to the development of an abscess in the breast. Warm compresses, paracetamol and/or antibiotics may be needed. Infection can also cause lumps in women who are not breast-feeding.
Injury or trauma to the fatty tissue in your breast can cause a lump. These lumps usually heal and go away of their own accord. However, if they persist then they can be removed.
A lipoma is a fatty growth that develops within the fatty tissue of your breast. It is non-cancerous and usually does not need any treatment. However, they can be removed if they are large or causing any symptoms.
The vast majority of breast lumps are not caused by breast cancer. However, breast cancers are a cause of lumps in the breasts.
f you find a lump in one of your breasts or both, you should make an appointment with your GP as soon as possible. When you see your GP, they may start by asking you some questions. It is a good idea to think about these questions before your appointment.
Questions may include:
- When did you notice the lump?
- Do you have any breast pain?
- Do you have any nipple discharge?
- When was your last period (if you still have them)?
- Are you taking an hormonal medication such as the contraceptive pill or hormone replacement therapy?
- Have you had breast lumps before?
- Do you have any history of breast problems in your family?
Your doctor may then suggest that they examine your breasts. A male doctor should always offer for a chaperone to be present during the examination. Sometimes female doctors will also offer a chaperone. You may be asked to remove your top and bra by the doctor. They may want to examine your breasts, with your arms in the air and then by your sides. They may also want to examine your breasts when you are sitting and then lying down. They may also want to examine underneath your arms to feel for any enlarged lymph glands. Your doctor may ask you to point out the lump to them. If you have had any nipple discharge, your doctor may ask you to demonstrate this yourself by asking you to squeeze your nipple.
There is more than one right way to examine the breasts and doctors may differ in their approach.
What happens next will depend on what your doctor finds when they examine you. If you are in your twenties or thirties, are still having periods and have only just noticed the lump, your doctor may suggest that you return for another examination after your next period.
If the doctor is uncertain as to the cause of the lump, or if you have a family history of breast problems that they are worried about, they may suggest that they refer you to a specialist breast clinic. Here you will see a doctor who has special expertise in dealing with breast problems.
You can usually expect an appointment at the clinic within a few weeks. However, waiting times can vary depending on how busy the clinic is and how urgent your GP feels the problem is. The aim is that any woman with suspected breast cancer should be seen in a specialist breast clinic within two weeks. If your doctor feels that you are more likely to have one of the benign (non-cancerous) causes of a breast lump, it may take longer than two weeks for you to be seen.
Even if you are referred urgently, you should remember that your lump may still turn out to be benign. The majority of people referred to a breast clinic do not have breast cancer.
Do NOT delay. Please visit a doctor ASAP. Good luck