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Hi, I am man 27yrs old expecting to get marriage soon, but I dont know very proper the principles of ovulation.
to mean the time a woman can be pregnated, her free time etc.
please would you tell me, shortly the menturation circle and its stages?


Haven’t you talked about this with your wife? She should know all of these things.
I will be more than happy to explain though.

A menstrual cycle starts with the first day of period and lasts for approximately 28 days (between 25-35 days) until new period starts. Periods may last between 3 and 10 days.

Menstrual cycle is actually a process of a woman’s hormones, sex organs and brain. Everything is controlled by the pituitary gland in the brain. It releases hormones Follicle Stimulating Hormone (F.S.H.) and Luteinising Hormone (L.H.).

In woman’s ovaries, there are follicles in which immature eggs are situated. Just one egg is being released during ovulation but it may happen that a couple of them start to develop. The growth of the eggs is influenced by the F.S.H. the cells of the maturing egg produce estrogen, another hormone, which causes growth of the lining of the uterus and prepares it for the future fertilized egg. Once the follicle had grown, estrogen levels rise in the blood stream and let the pituitary gland know that the egg is ready to be released. The pituitary then releases L.H hormone and the ovary releases the egg, which travels through the Fallopian tubes to the uterus. The follicle, which was left by the matured egg is now called corpus luteum and it starts producing another hormone progesterone. If the released egg meets a spermatozoid, pregnancy occurs. The egg attaches to the uterus and corpus luteum continues to produce progesterone to keep the egg implanted in the uterus and growing. Progesterone also prepares the lining of the uterus to accept a fertilized egg so that the egg can develop. Progesterone also prevents the release of any further eggs until the pregnancy is terminated.

The part when the egg attaches to the uterus is called implantation and it occurs 7 to 10 days after ovulation. Women can recognize it by slight cramping, and spotting a week before their period is about to occur.

If pregnancy doesn’t occur (if egg does not meet a spermatozoid), corpus luteum stops producing hormones. The levels of the hormones fall and the lining of the uterus where the fertilized egg was supposed to attach now breaks up and is together with the released egg expelled through vagina and this is what women experience as a period.

This is the end and the begging of the new cycle.

Ovulation is the part of the menstrual cycle where the matured egg is released from the ovary. It occurs about 15 days before the beginning of the next period and the only time woman can get pregnant is around these days (2-5 days).
A woman can sometimes feel her ovulation by experiencing slight pain in the lower abdomen, increased white vaginal discharge produced by estrogen, and an increased body temperature that occurs at the time.
I hope this was helpful, if you have any additional questions that I accidently left out, feel free to ask!


thanks Mayo, this materials will help me a lot.
You said, the ovulation occurs 15 days before the next period. And the fertilization can occur only 2-5 days.
take an example, the next period will be 30 of march, it means the ovulation will be 15 of march, right?
is 2-5days+or- from 15 th of march?
or probably 15,16 can you describe in this poit?


How long does her menstrual cycle last?

The thing is that you never know for sure, but this is how it should be. It is around 15 days from your next period and yes, it would be around the 15th. You can not say when exactly, it could be a few days before or a few days after. The reason for this is that a sperm can live up to 7 days in the woman’s insides but the egg is only 24 hours alive.

When you look at it, it sounds easy to get pregnant but it’s not actually.

The only way to know the day of your ovulation is to watch for the symptoms or use a ovulation test, which shows if today is her day or not.

The signs and symptoms are increased body temperature for 1 degree (just a slight increase as you can see), excessive white mucus from her vagina and low abdominal pain.