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Hi! Few days ago I had an argument with my colleagues about the causes for cognitive disability. I insisted that most common forms of cognitive disabilities are caused by genetic predispositions but they claim that there are other factors which can affect the person at an early stage of life, such as complications at birth and alcohol consummation during pregnancy?

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There are many social, environmental and physical causes for cognitive disability, but the most common are brain injuries or infection before, during or after birth; extreme prematurity of birth; genetic and chromosomal abnormalities; nutritional problems; poor diet and bad or non-existing health care, drug abuse during pregnancy and child abuse.
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Hi there,
Cognitive disabilities are not easy to distinguish because there are many that fit in this category. You have to understand that every one of these disorders has its own cause. For instance dyslexia is cognitive disability, so is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The fact is that most of these disabilities still don’t have a known cause. Many say that they are connected with genes but still this is not proven 100%. Life style can and it affects cognitive disabilities. The sooner they are diagnosed the soon the treatment will begin. Now it is little hard to talk about this in general, it is much easier to discuss this about one disease instead of many.
Best wishes,
Marco
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