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Many women rely on in vitro fertilization in the hope of conceiving. But often they are unaware of the fact that the high doses of hormones used in the procedure can lead to several side effects which not only affect them but may also affect their babies.
Ever since in vitro fertilization technique was successfully employed for the first time in 1978, many women have resorted to it when other low cost fertility treatments have failed. It is true that IVF has come as a ray of hope for many such childless women. However, the procedure is not without its share of side effects. This is especially true in cases where high dose of hormones are used in the procedure.
Normally, one egg is produced from the ovaries in each cycle. During in vitro fertilization, the ovaries are stimulated by hormones to produce more number of eggs per cycle. The number of eggs produced is dependent upon the dose of hormones used. While ovarian stimulation by low dose of hormone results in the production of around ten eggs per cycle, this number may increase to 20 to 30 eggs with higher dose of hormones.
As per the statistics provided by the National Institutes of Health, ovarian stimulation by high doses of hormones can lead to the development of a condition called as ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS) in 10% of patients undergoing IVF. The condition is characterized by fluid accumulation in the ovaries, which may eventually leak into the chest and abdominal cavities. The condition has the potential of turning life threatening. In fact, a recent study found that OHSS is the leading cause of maternal deaths in women who underwent high dose IVF in England and New South Wales. Another recently conducted study has linked high dose IVF to lower birth weights of babies.
Apart from developing OHSS, many side effects of hormones used during IVF can be attributed to Lupron. This is the medicine used to suppress the ovaries prior to their stimulation by hormones like the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and the Luteinizing hormone (LH). Though used commonly, readers would be surprised to know that Lupron has not been approved by the FDA for use in IVF. The drug has been associated with deleterious effects like liver disorders, joint aches, pain in bones, muscle and bone loss and even memory loss in certain cases.
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