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Experiencing permanent damage due to untreated essential hypertension would be a real shame, especially since this medical problems is really easy and cheap to diagnose.

Knowledge is power, and when it comes to primary hypertension, this statement is 100 percent valid. Also known as essential hypertension, primary high blood pressure is a medical problem that leads to more deaths than necessary. Understanding the ease with which it can be treated and diagnosed can your life and the lives around you, and sometimes all that is needed is a monitor which can be bought at the nearest pharmacy.

1. Essential hypertension is not the same as secondary hypertension

There are two main categories for identifying high blood pressure. Essential hypertension has causes which cannot be defined, while secondary hypertension, as the name suggests, is the result of another underlying medical condition that causes, among others, a significant increase in one’s blood pressure.

2. Essential hypertension is easy to diagnose

With a simple medical exam that’s recommended for repetition every year, a doctor can diagnose essential hypertension. To do so, doctors use a blood pressure monitor, which is sometimes referred to as a sphygmomanometer.

In general, this test is a part of a routine medical exam that meant to evaluate the overall health of a person. However, because there are factors that can increase blood pressure over the short term (such as anger or stress), essential hypertension is normally diagnosed only after noticing consistently high results.

As a result, doctors will require multiple readings of a person’s blood pressure. To avoid going to the hospital for a repeated number of times in a short period, this test can also be performed in the doctor’s office, but some doctors recommend patients take their own blood pressure every day. These monitors are available for purchase at local pharmacies, and the test itself can easily be performed at home.

3. Essential hypertension is expressed in two numbers

When the doctor performs a reading, the result is expressed by two different numbers, each with its own meaning:

  • The first number in the sequence is medically referred to as systolic pressure. The number is a numeric translation of how much force is being exerted on the walls of your arteries.
  • Second, you have the diastolic pressure. The difference between diastolic and systolic pressure is that the former reflects the same force, but measured between heart beats.
The best result of a systolic reading is 120 or lower. When a person has a systolic reading that goes between 120 and 139, it’s still within the normal interval, but not the best result. People with systolic readings over 140 are diagnosed with hypertension. As far as diastolic readings are concerned, the optimal number is 80 or lower. People who have a diastolic reading over 90 are also considered to be hypertensive.

These values serve as general reference, and aren’t necessarily valid across all countries of the globe.

4. Not treating essential hypertension can lead to complications

The best news in this whole essential hypertension matter is that it can easily be reduced, although the process does require making some lifestyle changes, or undergoing some medication treatment (sometimes, doctors may recommend a combination of both).

It’s important to note that lifestyle changes will have to be permanent, in order to prevent essential hypertension from reappearing. There are also some cases where medication is permanent, which means that the patient will have to take the prescribed meds for the rest of their life.

When felt untreated, essential hypertension can lead to different complications that are severe and will negatively impact a person’s health forever. While these complication vary from one case to another, they normally include kidney or heart failure, risks of frequent strokes, atherosclerosis, eye damage, or heart attacks.

5. Essential hypertension is not benign

Outdated articles and medical references may describe essential hypertension as being benign. However, this term is used to describe conditions without a harmful effect, and not treating essential hypertension can have a huge impact on one’s health, including risk of heart attacks or kidney damage.

The term “benign” is typically associated with the description of tumors, but when it comes to hypertension, it must not be interpreted as a condition with no consequences. Always keep in mind that hypertension is known as “the silent killer”. A person can have high blood pressure for long periods of time without any signs or symptoms.

Even so, that doesn’t negate the potential threats of the silent killer, so essential hypertension should be treated as a medical condition of the uttermost importance.

6. Age, gender, and ethnicity are risk factors

There is a common disbelief that people over a certain age are the only ones exposed to primary hypertension. It’s true that once age advances, people are more likely to end up with high blood pressure, but that doesn’t mean that people under the age of 35 aren’t susceptible to have hypertension.

Ethnicity has also been linked with hypertension, although the primary reasons for this occurrence are still unclear. However, medical statistics have shown that African Americans registered the highest worldwide demographic when studying the races which are most likely to end up with primary hypertension.

The same thing goes for gender discrepancies. The medical world hasn’t been able to determine so far the reason why younger age men are more likely to end up with hypertension compared to women of the same age. However, animal exams have revealed that the gender statement it true across other species as well. This could be a sign that genetic differences and hormones also play a part in determining the risks of one gender being more exposed to hypertension.


Experiencing permanent damage due to untreated essential hypertension would be a real shame, especially since this medical problems is really easy and cheap to diagnose. While part of a routine medical check-up, you don’t have to wait to see the doctor’s if you have any suspicions of hypertension.

Simply go to the nearest pharmacy and buy a blood pressure monitor. It’s handy to have around the house, and can help you prevent severe health damage in the long run.

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