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I was told to take Chromium Piccolinate, 200 mcg twice a day to help reduce insulin resistance. Exactly was is insulin resistance? Am I a candidate for diabetes?

What does dysmetabolic syndrome X mean?

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Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body produces insulin but does not use it properly. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps the body use glucose for energy. Glucose is a form of sugar that is the body’s main source of energy.

When people are insulin resistant, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond properly to insulin. As a result, their bodies need more insulin to help glucose enter cells. The pancreas tries to keep up with this increased demand for insulin by producing more. Eventually, the pancreas fails to keep up with the body’s need for insulin. Excess glucose builds up in the bloodstream, setting the stage for diabetes. Many people with insulin resistance have high levels of both glucose and insulin circulating in their blood at the same time.

Insulin resistance increases the chance of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Metabolic syndrome is defined as the presence of any three of the following conditions:

- waist measurement of 40 inches or more for men and 35 inches or more for women
- triglyceride levels of 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or above, or taking medication for elevated triglyceride levels
- HDL, or “good,” cholesterol level below 40 mg/dL for men and below 50 mg/dL for women, or taking medication for low HDL levels
- blood pressure levels of 130/85 or above, or taking medication for elevated blood pressure levels
- fasting blood glucose levels of 100 mg/dL or above, or taking medication for elevated blood glucose levels
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