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I have been reading about some disease discovered before more than a century. I have read that many authors have described soft tissue infections. Their occurrence has been on the rise because of an increase in immunocompromised patients with diabetes mellitus, cancer, alcoholism, vascular insufficiencies, and organ transplants. However, not this problem is known as infection caused by necrotizing fasciitis. I wish to know more about the infection that causes necrotizing problem.

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Necrotizing fasciitis infection can occur after trauma or around foreign bodies in surgical wounds. It could also be idiopathic, as it happens in scrotal or penile necrotizing fasciitis.
Necrotizing fasciitis has also been referred to as hemolytic streptococcal gangrene, Meleney ulcer, acute dermal gangrene, hospital gangrene, and suppurative fascitis. Necrotizing fasciitis is a progressive, rapidly spreading, inflammatory infection located in the deep fascia. This causes secondary necrosis of the subcutaneous tissues after this primary problem of nectorizing fasciitis. Because of the presence of gas-forming organisms, subcutaneous air is classically described in necrotizing fasciitis, but this may be seen only on radiographs. The speed of spread is directly proportional to the thickness of the subcutaneous layer, so necrotizing fasciitis moves along the deep fascial plane.
These infections can be difficult to recognize in their early stages, but it helps because they rapidly progress. They require aggressive treatment to combat the associated high morbidity and mortality as it used to be a long time ago. The causative bacteria that cause infection of necrotizing fasciitis may be aerobic, anaerobic, or mixed flora.
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