These foods would be beneficial to athletes or to others who incur heavy fluid loss. Patients on potassium-restricted diets should avoid them, or eat them sparingly, as advised by their nutritionist.
All meats, poultry and fish are high in potassium.
Apricots (fresh more so than canned)
Oranges and orange juice
Potatoes (can be reduced to moderate by soaking peeled, sliced potatoes overnight before cooking)
MODERATE (125 - 225 mg per serving)
These foods can be a large part of most people's balanced nutrition plan. Persons restricting their potassium might be cautioned to include no more than one or two servings from this list per day, depending on their medical restrictions.
Summer squash, including zucchini
LOW potassium (less than 125 mg per serving)
These foods give less electrolyte value per serving for people who need to increase their potassium levels.
They should be a major part of the menu plan for people limiting their intake.
Mandarin oranges, canned
To avoid high potassium levels, do not eat canned, salted or preserved meats like hot dogs, sausage, anchovies or sandwich spreads. Also avoid dried beans and peas as well as sunflower seeds.
To minimize potassium in fruits and vegetables, all fruits and vegetables should be rinsed and drained well before eating Cook vegetables in water to remove excess potassium and drain well.
Vegetables to avoid include avocado, tomato, potatoes including sweet potatoes or yams, pumpkin, Swiss chard, cooked spinach and Brussels sprouts.