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May I ask what the prognosis is for people who have diabetes mellitus? What are the treatment options and how effective are the treatments generally? Does the prognosis differ from country to country, and of course related to the treatment method? Please tell me anything you can about this. Thank you in advance.

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What is called diabetes mellitus is more often referred to as simply diabetes. There are several types of diabetes, most common are type 1 and 2, then there is gestational diabetes and even some rare forms of diabetes that are autoimmune. Treatments range from healthy lifestyles to insulin injections several times a day. Those with insulin dependant diabetes die if they don't receive treatment, usually within a few years (as shown by statistics from times before insulin became available as a medicine). Developed countries have a much larger prevalence of diabetes compared to third world countries. There are several reasons for these, the most important two being the fact that developed countries have a higher amount of obese people, and also some races are most susceptible to diabetes than others. This varies per type of diabetes as well. On the whole though, the prognosis for those in the west with diabetes is good. With proper management, the life expectancy is just as high as that of people who do not have diabetes.
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