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It is estimated that every human being loses around 50-100 strands of hair daily, however, the problem of hair loss is said to appear when the hair starts to thin visibly or bald patches start to appear. Hair loss has been predominantly seen as a male problem, however, that is just not true. A large percentage of women also suffer from the problems of hair loss and thinning of hair. There are several reasons why women may experience hair loss including the following:

Genetic predisposition

 The most common cause of hair loss is the genetic predisposition to do as you age. There is really nothing that can be done about this because it is hardcoded in the hair follicles life cycle. The kind of hair loss that is seen in this kind of hair loss is gradual and over the period of a few years.

The fifties or the sixties are the decades that ‘female pattern balding’ will be seen most commonly, although, it can be seen in much younger women as well. Interestingly, this genetic predisposition towards hair loss can be inherited from either the father or the mother.

Medical conditions

A sudden increase in hair fall or the rapid appearance of hair loss raises the possibility of a medical condition that is causing this to happen. A thyroid disorder which results in the imbalance of the hormones in the body and anemia are the two most common conditions that are associated with hair fall.

People may also notice an increase in hair loss during pregnancy, those suffering from dermatologic conditions such as psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis, or those women that have irregular periods due to polycystic ovary syndrome.

Hair loss in females has been associated with many more medical conditions although the link between them is not quite clear. Menopause, sudden weight loss, too much intake of Vitamin A, undergoing a surgery, or physical trauma can also cause hair loss in females.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s own immune system starts to attack healthy hair follicles and thus causes hair loss. Typically, clumps of hair start to fall out and prominent bald patches may appear on the scalp.

Ringworm infection

Infection of the scalp by ringworm fungus can cause hair loss. The bald patches that start to appear are round in nature and often itch quite a bit as well. This type of infection can spread by direct contact so other close relatives should also be checked for the infection.

Treatment of Hair loss in females

If a medical condition is identified to be the case behind the hair loss then its treatment should result in reversing of the hair loss as well. Antifungal medication in the form of ointments or creams works very well for ringworm infection. Similarly, treatment for a hormonal imbalance or PCOS is all that is required to stop hair loss.

In the case of an autoimmune condition like Alopecia Areata, no treatment is required. It is a self-limiting condition where the missing patches of hair return after six months or so.



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