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Hello, folks. My cousin has diabetes for many years. It seems that his kidneys started to fail. He was diagnosed chronic kidney failure. I would like to know what the difference is between acute and chronic kidney failure. Can anyone help? I would appreciate it a lot. Thanks in advance. Bye!

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Hello to you too. The main difference between acute and chronic renal failure is that chronic one develops slowly and the kidneys functioning gets worse slowly. The range is between mild dysfunction and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Chronic kidney failure is a result of conditions that last for years and slowly damage kidney unlike acute where kidney is damaged very quickly. The two most common causes of chronic failure are diabetes and high blood pressure. There are other conditions that can cause it such as analgesic nephropathy, glomerulonephritis, kidney stones and infection, obstructive uropathy, polycystic kidney disease, reflux nephropathy, etc. Result of chronic failure is accumulation of toxins and other waste products in organism. They can't be eliminated by damaged kidneys. I hope your friend will feel better. Please, don't hesitate to ask if you want to know anything more. Bye!
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Acute renal failure has a sudden onset and can occur within hours or days as a complication of medical conditions, surgery, or trauma. Diminished blood volume due to hemorrhage or severe dehydration, very low blood pressure, septicemia, which is bacteria in the blood, urinary tract obstruction, and nephrotoxins, which are substances harmful to the kidneys such as certain drugs, solvents, and metals, these are all causes of ARF. ARF can often be reversed with no permanent damage to the kidney. To prevent this permanent damage treatment must start as soon as possible, which they usually use dialysis to remove toxic substances from the body or to take over the kidney function until the kidney can be corrected.
Chronic renal failure is when the kidneys have become damaged. In most cases CRF is progressive and can eventually lead to kidney failure. There is no cure for CRF except for transplantation , there will be a diet to help slow down the progression which is a low sodium diet, with restrictions on excessive protein, and on the intakes of potassium, water, and phosphorus. There is also medications that are used to help supplement foods. Both chronic and acute kidney disease diminish the kidney’s ability to filter blood and remove water and wastes.
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