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Hi. I am 25 years old girl. I had sex with a guy two days ago. Just found out he has hepatitis C. What are chances of contracting it through sex? How is it spread?

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Hi. Hepatitis C virus, or HCV is usually spread by contact with infected blood. The main ways to get infected include the use of unsterilized needles, syringes and injection equipment. So, the risk factors include injecting drugs, blood transfusion (before 1992), receiving clotting factor concentrates (before 1987), hemodialysis, birth and a needle stick accident. Some other risks include having sex with person infected with hepatitis C, having more than one sex partners, and using cocaine with shared equipment. Transmission from mother to an unborn baby is not common.
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Can I Get Hepatitis C by Having Sex?
By Charles Daniel, About.com
Updated: February 4, 2009
About.com Health's Disease and Condition content is reviewed by the Medical
Review Board

Question: Can I Get Hepatitis C by Having Sex?
Answer: Yes, but it's very unlikely. Hepatitis C spreads by direct contact with
infected blood, which normally doesn't happen during sexual intercourse. If you
have sex with someone (who is infected) in such a way that brings your blood in
to contact with their blood, though, this can expose you to hepatitis C.
Certain things can increase your risk of exposure during sex. The risk of
contracting hepatitis C via sexual intercourse is unclear, but it appears that
the risk is increased by having multiple sexual partners, an STD or HIV
infection.

Of course, hepatitis C isn't the only disease you should be concerned about
during sexual intercourse. Some of the other common diseases are hepatitis B,
herpes, chlamydia, genital warts, HIV, gonorrhea and syphilis. One way to make
sex safer is to properly use a condom. For other ways to protect yourself
against hepatitis C, here are six protection strategies.

http://hepatitis.about.com/od/prevention/f/HCVandSex.htm?nl=1
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
How Infectious is a Kiss?
Kissing and the Risk of Hepatitis
By Charles Daniel, About.com
Updated: February 4, 2009
About.com Health's Disease and Condition content is reviewed by the Medical
Review Board

It's been said that when you kiss someone, you kiss everyone that person has
kissed before. I'll leave the doctors to debate the truth of that claim, but a
point worth keeping is that sometimes kissing can be very intimate and,
unfortunately, an opportunity to spread infection. Is viral hepatitis one of
those infections?

The Easy Answer
In order to be exposed to viral hepatitis, the person you're kissing would need
to actually have viral hepatitis. In other words, you can't catch what isn't
there. Also, the viruses that cause hepatitis are basically spread through blood
and bodily fluids (hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D) and fecal-oral contact
(hepatitis A, hepatitis E). The chance of contracting hepatitis from kissing is
therefore small.
Quick Review of Hepatitis Viruses
a.. Hepatitis A Virus
b.. Hepatitis B Virus
c.. Hepatitis C Virus
d.. Hepatitis D Virus
e.. Hepatitis E Virus
The Not-So-Easy Answer
Since it's also been said that nothing in life is easy, maybe this question
isn't as simple as we'd like it to be. The complexity comes from what is
theoretically possible versus what is realistically probable. Realistically
you're not going to get viral hepatitis from kissing. However it is
theoretically possible. Since any type of direct contact with infected blood is
a possible way to spread some of these viruses, there are kissing scenarios
where the risk of exposure increases. I'll let your imagination wonder, but
think about cold sores, cuts and prolonged kissing.
The Bottom Line
It all comes down to the level of risk you're willing to accept. Most of us
regularly accept health risks of all kinds and levels in our lives. For example,
we may drive a car, play contact sports, or smoke cigarettes. Obviously most
types of kissing are completely harmless and won't allow any opportunity to
spread the hepatitis viruses. For most people, the rare kissing scenarios that
may allow some theoretical exposure to one of the hepatitis viruses will be
risks worth taking.
Sources:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. July 19, 2008. Viral Hepatitis B.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. July 10, 2008. Viral Hepatitis C.

http://hepatitis.about.com/od/lifestyle/a/Kissing.htm?nl=1
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