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Hi! My mother is diabetic for years. She has Type 2 diabetes. I read something about diabetes and I realized that she can get Hyperinsulinemia. I know that Hyperinsulemia means having too much insulin in the bloodstream. But I don’t know what causes hyperinsulinemia. Can somebody tell me that, please? Thanks!

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Well, unfortunately, Hyperinsulemia is a common condition in Type 2 diabetes with underlying cause of insulin resistance. It maybe sounds strange but you can be diabetic and still have too much insulin in your body because insulin resistance in Type 2 diabetes makes the body unable to use the insulin in the bloodstream.
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Hyperinsulimia (hyperinsulinism) is the presence in the body of an abnormally high level of insulin, the hormone secreted by the pancreas and needed by the body to disperse and utilize sugar. Abnormally high levels of insulin in the body result in abnormally low levels of sugar in the system, triggering such symptoms as headache, dizziness and weakness. In extreme cases it may cause convulsions, coma, and death.

The cause of these high levels of insulin may be organic - a tumor of the pancreas, impaired liver function, or endocrine disorders - or it may be functional - unusually vigorous and sustained exercising, pregnancy, or lactation. Among diabetics, hyperinsulinism is known as insulin shock, or hypoglycemia, and may occur as a result of treating themselves with an accidental overdose of insulin. And chico946 is absolutely correct; Type 2 diabetes is also associated with hyperinsulemia.

Treatment for hyperinsulinism (hyperinsulimia) depends on which type is involved. For example, if the cause of the hyperinsulinism is organic, surgery may be required to remove it. Whereas functional hyperinsulinism is typically treated by dietetic measures designed to improve the insulin-sugar balance or, in the case of Type 1 diabetes, with proper dosage of insulin.
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I think there is some confusion here. Hyperinsulinemia is the body's response (in some people) to excessive carbohydrate intake over years. Some of this is hereditary, much of it is excessive dietary intake of refined carbs for years. This condition usually is a precursor to type II diabetes. Very rarely, hyperinsulinemia is caused by tumors or other physical problems, but most of the time it is caused by poor diet, and can be reveresed with exercize and a lower carbohydrate diet, eliminating most refined carbs, and keeping carbs under 60 or so per day. You can do this by eating lots of meats, poultry fish, nuts, cheese,low starch vegetables, and some fruits, such as strawberries and canteloupe, and avoiding breads, potatoes, pastas, and items with sugar, including beverages and high sugar fruit juices. The reason people get high insulin levels is basically that their body cells become resistant to insulin, which the body uses to take sugar out of the blood. The body's response is to produce more insulin. Eventually, the pancrease can no longer keep up with the sugar consumed, and the person winds up with elevated blood sugar, which is also known as diabetes. All of this can be avoided by eating a low carb diet and exercising. Taking too much insulin as a diabetic can cause coma and death, but producing too much of your own insulin has never resulted in coma and death, this information is incorrect. However, high levels of insulin signal a very distressed and dysfunctional body, and can result in damage to the pancrease and diabetes. Prevention is the best treatment.
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