Table of Contents
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that is characterized by high levels of blood glucose primarily due to the body’s inability to produce insulin. Diabetes can be classified as Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs when the cells of our own immune system destroy the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. This results in the deficiency of the insulin hormone. This type of diabetes is often diagnosed in children and young adults.
Type 2 Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs when the body is not able to use insulin properly. Unlike type 1 diabetes, the body does make insulin but either the insulin made by the pancreas is not sufficient or the body is incapable of using the insulin well enough. This condition is also referred to as insulin resistance. This results in the buildup of glucose in the blood and this glucose is not passed on to the body’s cells. Over a period of time, this causes damage to various parts of the body such as eyes, kidneys, and heart.
Gestational Diabetes: Many pregnant women develop gestational diabetes around the 24th week of pregnancy. The placenta supports the growth of the baby. However, the hormones of the placenta also interfere with the mother’s insulin and limit its ability. This makes it difficult for the mother’s body to use insulin and results in the buildup of higher levels of glucose in the blood.
Common symptoms of diabetes are listed below:
- Frequent urination
- A feeling of being hungry even while eating
- Excessive fatigue
- Blurred vision
- A constant feeling of being thirsty
- Wound and cuts that take a long time to heal
- A tingling sensation in hands and feet accompanied by numbness and pain (in type 2 diabetes)
- Constant weight loss, even with regular diet (in type 1 diabetes)
Healthy Diabetes Diet
People suffering from diabetes need to monitor the total amounts of carbohydrates they consume on a daily basis. A number of people also need to check their protein and fat intake, depending on their specific situation. Diabetics need to make healthy food choices, exercise regularly, and take their medication as prescribed by their health care providers.
For maintaining a healthy food routine, you need to make sure to add a variety of foods to your plate. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, meats, nuts, and dairy products while keeping a count on the number of calories. You should try to eat foods that are rich in fiber such as whole grain bread, cereal, and fruits. Keep a check on your serving size as prescribed by your dietician.