Scar-like marks that seem to appear out of nowhere without any injury or other apparent reason are most commonly stretch marks. These appear to be whitish or even reddish in color and are associated with a period of sudden weight gain or weight loss.
Pregnancy, during which the body tries to accumulate weight for the nourishment of the baby, is the most common reason for which stretch marks appear. The breasts, stomach, thighs, and the buttocks are the most common areas on which stretch marks are found.
Growth spurts during which there is rapid muscular development can also cause stretch marks to appear. Boys who hit the gym to get bigger during this time will find some stretch marks appear on their body as their muscles develop.
Another less commonly known fact is that the overuse of steroid creams can lead to the development of stretch marks as well. Certain genetic conditions like Marfan Syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome may lead to the occurrence of stretch marks even when there is no particular reason for them to appear.
Apart from being considered aesthetically challenging, stretch marks usually do not present with any other symptoms. There is no itching or redness associated with their occurrence unless there is a fungal infection that has occurred in the vicinity.
They are smooth to touch and may feel a little depressed compared to the surrounding skin on touching. Stretch marks tend to become less noticeable as time passes.
There are plenty of treatments that are available in the market from gels, ointments, and creams which claim to get rid of stretch marks. There is no scientific evidence that any of these work.
Dermatological treatment with dermal fillers has shown some positive effects on people and may be considered if the stretch marks are proving to be a cause of real disturbance.
A keloid is an extremely enthusiastic and hyper response of the skin, in which raised scar tissue is forms in response to cuts or scrapes. They are not considered to be harmful to the health of the affected person, however, they can cause a cosmetic problem.
The reason why these keloids occur at all is not exactly known, however, it is most likely due to a genetic mutation in the body. The immune response to a minor injury is much more pronounced than is necessary.
These keloids can range from a few millimeters to several centimeters in size, depending upon the kind of wound that is underneath. The color of these keloids is distinct from the underlying skin and can range from pink to dark red. Characteristically, keloids are almost always bigger than the original wound itself.
These keloids are raised in a ridge-like fashion, stand out from the rest of the skin, and even though they are not painful, they can be quite itchy.
The treatment of these keloids is not easy. Frequently, the scar will just regrow after it has been surgically removed. Steroid injection into the keloid has proven to be an effective mode of treatment, as has the use of silicone gel pads to apply constant pressure. Other methods of treatment involve freezing off the cells and laser treatment.
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