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Overview

Around 75 percent of women experience numerous symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which tend to be at their worst between 25 and 35 years of age.

Symptoms of PMS may include lower abdominal cramps, headaches, bloating, and dizziness, and they seem to be triggered by the hormonal fluctuations that occur during the menstrual cycle.

The dizziness wears off after a few minutes from its onset, but it may last longer than that as well. It's also important to know that dizziness during the menstrual cycle is not normally a cause for concern as the problem is generally mild and self-limiting.

Causes

Dizziness is defined as a feeling of lightheadedness or a feeling of imbalance. Common causes of dizziness can include a sudden drop in blood pressure or glucose levels in the affected individual, or due to a decreased hemoglobin count.

Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues and organs of the body for adequate functioning of these areas. Decreased hemoglobin, in association with the menstrual cycle, can occur when women experience prolonged and/or heavy periods. 

Besides low blood pressure, low glucose levels and decreased hemoglobin in the bloodstream, other causes may include dehydration, inner ear imbalances, strenuous activity, and vitamin deficiencies.

These potential causes all need to be excluded and managed if they are involved, but if they have been ruled out then the mentioned hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle would be the most probable reason for the dizziness. There are measures though that can be taken in order to prevent dizziness from happening or reducing its frequency and/or severity regardless of the cause.

Prevention

The following suggestions should help those who experience dizzy spells.

  • Avoid skipping meals as this could lead to a drop in blood pressure or glucose levels.
  • Avoid sugar-containing drinks during active menstruation as this can cause extreme fluctuations in glucose levels as well as worsen other PMS symptoms such as headaches.
  • Drink enough water, around eight glasses a day, in order to stay well hydrated.
  • Drinking ginger tea can help to calm the stomach and reduce nausea, but it is also effective in preventing dizziness. The tea is also helpful in soothing lower abdominal cramping experienced during menstruation.
  • When a dizzy spell comes on, it is suggested to lie down for a few minutes. One should also try to drink a glass of water and take deep breaths to help prevent falling.
  • Getting up slowly also helps to prevent a possible sudden drop in blood pressure, so this should be exercised.

Natural remedies

If the mentioned suggestions are not effective in helping to prevent or manage dizzy spells during the menstrual cycle, then the following natural remedies may help.

Phytoestrogens and hormone-regulating hormones can help to reduce PMS symptoms, especially if the affected individual has issues such as decreased estrogen production or glandular dysfunction.

It is recommended though that using these supplements is discussed with the person's doctor to make sure that there won't be any issues experienced or adverse events from interactions with other medications they may be using.

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