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I have found out recently that I have bladder cancer. It is still in its early stages and undeveloped and it is called squamous cell carcinoma. I would like to learn something about the treatment of bladder cancer, especially of chemotherapy.

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Squamous cell carcinoma means that an inflammation or an infection caused the disorder. Squamous cell carcinoma is invasive -it means that, if it is not treated, this disorder will gradually spread and affect deeper layers of the bladder wall. It is also very common that bladder cancer of any type reoccurs often. As for treatment, the usual procedures applied in the case of bladder cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, either alone or in combination. In your case, however, immunotherapy or biological therapy can prove beneficial, since your cancer is still superficial. Radiation will kill cancer cells only in the treated area and the downside is the fact that it destroys your healthy tissues, too. There is external radiation - it is produced by a machine outside the body and the treatment usually lasts up to seven weeks (you are an outpatient in that case). There is also internal radiation - certain amount of radioactive material is placed in your bladder and left there for several days (you are an inpatient in that case). After this treatment the radioactive material is removed from the organism. Chemotherapy, on the other hand, kills cancer cells wherever they are found. It means that a powerful drug is administered into your body in order to kill the cancer cells. This technique is rarely used alone - it is usually combined with surgical removal of the tumor and/or radiation. For superficial bladder cancers like yours liquid drugs are administered into the bladder via catheter after the surgery. After several hours this liquid is removed (usually via urination) and this is repeated for several weeks. For more invasive cases intravenous chemotherapy is much better solution - the liquid drugs are introduced into the bloodstream. Chemotherapy is always followed by side effects such as nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, hair loss, sores on the inside of the mouth etc. The good thing is that they disappear after the treatment.
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