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Hi, my boy (3 years) was admitted in hospital because of pneumonia. Now he’s got cystitis induced by resistant soy of strep. I was told that it often happens to get another disease in hospital (hospital acquired infection). Why is it happening?

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Every person has it’s own microbial flora on skin, in the nose, in the alimentary tract... There is a balance established between different sorts of bacteria. When one sort of bacteria is destroyed by antibiotic, another gets it chance for uncontrolled multiplying and can produce new disease. Another problem is that bacteria in hospitals are resistant to many formerly effective antibiotics.
Within hours after admission, a patient is exposed to wide range of bacteria which are present in hospital. Usually, new disease manifests very soon after admission and are considered hospital-acquired. Infections can occur after the patient's discharge from the hospital by pathogens originating from the hospital (nosocomial). Young children are specially susceptible.
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