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The goal of treatment of minimal PTB is to cure the infection with drugs that fight the TB bacteria. Treatment of active pulmonary TB will always involve a combination of many drugs (usually four drugs). All of the drugs are continued until lab tests show which medicines work best.

Commonly used drugs include: 

Isoniazid

Rifampin

Pyrazinamide

Ethambutol

 Other drugs that may be used to treat TB include: 

Amikacin

Ethionamide

Moxifloxacin

Para-aminosalicylic acid

Streptomycin

 You may need to take many different pills at different times of the day for 6 months or longer. It is very important that you take the pills the way your health care provider instructed.

When people do not take their TB medications as instructed, the infection can become much more difficult to treat. The TB bacteria can become resistant to treatment. This means the drugs no longer work.

 When there is a concern that a patient may not take all the medication as directed, a health care provider may need to watch the person take the prescribed drugs. This approach is called directly observed therapy. In this case, drugs may be given 2 or 3 times per week, as prescribed by a doctor.

You may need to stay at home or be admitted to a hospital for 2 - 4 weeks to avoid spreading the disease to others until you are no longer contagious.

 Treating basilar pneumonia often involves the use of antibiotics, which are effective in killing most types of bacteria. Examples of these antibiotics are penicillin, ampicillin-clavulanate, erythromycin, and cefuroxime. Some patients with milder symptoms are usually sent home after having been prescribed with medications. Patients with severe basilar pneumonia, however, are often advised to stay in the hospital for treatment.

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