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Depression is a medical condition associated with a prolonged feeling of sadness and a loss in interest in day to day activities. Depression is a very common condition and a lot of people suffer from it. Depression is often a natural reaction to a loss, or an injured self-esteem. Depression makes you feel hopeless, worthless, and totally helpless and can have a serious effect on your normal functioning.
It affects one’s ability to think, feel, and behave and can lead to a number of physical and emotional problems. Depression requires a long term treatment and people turn to medication, counseling, and alternative treatments to cure depression. Some of the common symptoms of depression are listed below.
- A feeling of fatigue and loss of energy throughout the day
- A feeling of unhappiness about almost everything
- Getting irritable over small things
- Either excessive sleeping or a state of insomnia
- Reduced urge to do things that they otherwise enjoy
- Unusual weight loss or weight gain
- Indecisiveness and an impaired sense of concentration
- A constant feeling of guilt and pessimistic thoughts
- Physical pains, cramps, headaches, and digestive problems that cannot be treated by medicines
- Reduced motivation wherein everything seems meaningless and just not worth making an effort
Depression symptoms can vary by age. For instance, younger children, when depressed might feel sad and be irritable at all times. Depressed adolescents and teens might feel angry and avoid social interaction. Depressed older adults, on the other hand, might get suicidal thoughts. If a person experiences a persistence of the above listed symptoms over a period of time, for maybe two weeks or longer, it is best advised to get assessed by a professional. Many times, depression might get over on its own, but if ignored for a long time, it might lead to physical and mental health problems.
Treatment of Depression
Different types of treatments are available for different types of depressions. At times doctors prescribe medications to relieve the patient from the symptoms of depression. Many a times, meeting a psychiatrist or a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health conditions, is advisable. Typical treatment options for curing depression include:
- Medications: The doctor can prescribe antidepressant medications such as Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), Norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs), atypical antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants, and Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).
- Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, commonly known as talk therapy involves meeting a psychotherapist or a mental health provider who tries to help cure the depression symptoms by scheduling talk sessions to learn about the causes of depression.
- Alternative therapy: Alternative therapy has been found to be quite useful in curing depression. Alternative therapy refers to alternative forms of treatment or strategies encompassing activities such as diet changes, exercise, mental conditioning, and lifestyle changes.