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After the outbreak of World War II, the Soviet Union quickly moved much of its industry out of reach of invading Nazi forces, into the cold, flat plains east of the Ural mountains in Siberia. The Soviet workers were prepared to deal with the cold, but they were not prepared to deal with colds and flu. It simply would not be possible to win the war if the workers making tanks, armaments, and munitions could not report to their factories because of colds and flu.
Finding A Way To Prevent the Common Cold
The Soviet Union and its allies mananged to win the war, but at a horrible cost. In 1945, the authorities gave the task of finding a simple, safe, inexpensive, already-available natural remedy for winter illnesses to a young doctor pharmacognosy named Israel Brekhman. Dr Brekhman quickly realized that the woods of southern Siberian were home to a plant known as Eleutherococcus senticosus, which traditional Chinese herbalists had used for centuries, calling it cì wǔ jiā.
In Chinese medicine, this herb was used as a "heart" medicine, for giving someone a happy heart. Practitioners of Traditional Chinese Medicine also used it to break up "phlegm", which in Chinese medicine can mean either actual, physical phlegm, or the physical effects of long-held emotions. Brekhman, however, recognized that the herb not only broke up metaphysical "phlegm", it also dissolved literal, tangible, sticky phlegm, and it also had some surprising effects on the immune system.
Stimulating The Immune System, But Just Enough To Fight Infection
What Brekhman discovered about Eleutherococcus was that did not just stimulate the immune system when it needed to fight upper respiratory infections. It also modulated the immune system so that it would not attack healthy tissues. Brekhman found that taking a regular dose of the herb at the beginning of colds and flu season essentially could stop infections before they started, without the side effects of other treatments. Because the herb could help the human body adapt to a variety of conditions, he deemed it the first of a group of plant extracts known as adaptogens. The eleutherococcus was so versatile, like another Chinese herbal remedy made from the Panax ginseng plant, that it came to be known as Siberian ginseng, even though it is not in the same plant family.
For his efforts, Brekhman received many honors in the Soviet Union and later in the Russian Federation. However, the herb he discovered turns out to have many applications other than just preventing and treating colds and flu. Over the last 70 years scientists from all over the world have found that eleuthero treats a variety of conditions and is useful just about all year round. Here are five facts everyone needs to know about Eleutherococcus senticosus.