So I'm having the period cramping but I'm not late but yet no blood they were moderate not so much intense but I'm still baffled does this mean it will come tomorrow??
Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea or period pains, are painful sensations felt in the lower abdomen that can occur both before and during a woman's menstrual period. The pain ranges from dull and annoying to severe and extreme. Menstrual cramps tend to begin after an egg is released from the ovaries and travels down the fallopian tube (ovulation).
There are two primary types of these difficult or painful periods - primary and secondary dysmenorrhea:
- Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type and is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen and lower back pain beginning 1-2 days before the period and lasting from 2-4 days. There is no underlying problem that is causing the pain
- Secondary dysmenorrhea is characterized by cramping pains that are due to an identifiable medical problem such as endometriosis, uterine fibriods, or pelvic inflamatory disease.
Facts on menstrual cramps
Here are some key points about menstrual cramps. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Menstrual cramps are pains felt in the lower abdomen, occurring both before and during a woman's menstrual period.
- The pain can be slight or sometimes extremely severe.
- There are two types of painful periods - primary and secondary dysmenorrhea.
- About 15% of women describe menstrual pain as severe.
- Emotional stress tends to increase the chance of experiencing menstrual cramps.
- Symptoms of menstrual cramp include cramps, nausea, vomiting, sweating, dizziness, headaches and diahrrea.
- Menstrual cramps are easily identified without the help of a physician.
- Menstrual cramps can be treated with over-the-counter medicine.
- Physicians agree that continuous oral contraceptive therapy to manage menstruation is safe and acceptable.
- A healthy diet together with regular exercise can help prevent menstrual cramps.
How are menstrual cramps treated?
Over-the-counter medication is available to treat most cases of menstrual cramps. These medications are often called anti-prostaglandins, and they reduce cramping in the uterus, make period flow lighter, and relieve discomfort. Many of these medications also contain pain killers such as ibuprofen or naproxen, which are types of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
NSAIDs are also used alone to reduce menstrual cramp pain.
Sometimes, physicians will prescribe hormonal birth control pills. These medicines will prevent ovulation and reduce the severity of menstrual cramps. 97% of physicians in a poll said that continuous oral contraceptive therapy to suppress menstruation is, in fact, medically safe and acceptable - even though many women do not know this.
Researchers at Imperial College London found that chamomile tea helps relieve menstrual pains.
Menstrual cramps that are due to underlying medical conditions such as endometriosis or fibroids may require surgery to remove the abnormal tissue. Surgery may help to reduce some menstrual cramp symptoms but carries additional risks.
Additional treatments that have been suggested to relieve menstrual cramp pain include:
- Soaking in a hot bath
- Using a heating pad on your lower abdomen
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
- Dietary supplements (such as Vitamin E, thiamin and omega-3).
How can menstrual cramps be prevented?
You may be able to prevent menstrual cramps. Recommended preventive measures include:
- Eating fruits and vegetables and limiting intake of fat, alcohol, caffeine, salt, and sweets
- Exercising regularly
- Reducing stress
- Quitting smoking
- Yoga or relaxation therapy
- Acupuncture or acupressure.
Some women including I find eating chocolate helpful. Good luck