Many men are deciding to forgo prostate cancer treatment nowadays, especially if they are in the old age group. This is because in elderly people, the side effects of treatment may overweight its benefits.
In elderly people, the side effects of treatment may overweight its benefitsNew researches have proved that this decision may be safe, even in old men who have a more risky type of prostate cancer. Men with a localized form of cancer were more likely to die of other causes unrelated to their cancer, rather than dying of prostate cancer. This is because prostate cancer is a tumor which grows very slowly and may take many years to reach a stage where it can be dangerous to a man’s life. Such a stage may never be reached in old people diagnosed with prostate cancer.
Various treatment options available for Prostate cancerProstate gland is a tiny, walnut sized gland found around the urethra in men and forms a part of their reproductive system. Prostate cancer is a cancer of this gland. It is the second leading cause of mortality from cancer in men; and in elderly men above the age of 75, it is the second most common cause of death. Serum PSA test is the most sensitive test used to diagnose prostate cancer and it can pick up the cancer even before the appearance of the symptoms of the disease. The commonly found symptoms in a man suffering from prostate cancer include a delayed start of the urinary stream, dribbling after passing urine due to incomplete emptying, inconsistent stream and presence of blood in the urine or semen. When the cancer has spread beyond the gland to the pelvic bones, the patient may experience bone pain.
The various treatment options available for prostate cancer include surgery and radiation therapy in the early stage. Radiation therapy can also be used to kill prostate cancer cells after surgery, if there is any doubt that some have been left behind. When the cancer has spread beyond the prostate and has metastasized to distant body parts, then the treatment options available for prostate cancer include hormonal therapy to reduce the amount of testosterone in circulation, orchidectomy to remove the testes or chemotherapy to act against the cancer cells.