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Does a man’s height really have anything to do with heart health? A recent study conducted by the University of Leicester discovered that short men might have a greater risk of developing heart disease than taller men. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the average man in the United States stands 5 feet 9 inches tall. According to Steve Burgess, PhD, for every 2 ½ inches shorter a man is, the higher the risk of heart disease becomes, spiking by nearly 14 percent.
Perhaps it's time to take another look at the diseases you are statistically more at risk of.
What Is Heart Disease?
Blood vessel and heart disease, also called coronary artery disease, includes many problems, a lot of which are related to the hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis. This is a condition that happens when plaque develops in the arterial walls. The build-up results in narrowing of the arteries, which makes it difficult for blood to flow through. If blood clots form, it can halt blood flow and result in a stroke or heart attack.
What Is A Heart Attack?
A person will experience a heart attack when the flow of blood to the heart is compromised or blocked by a blood clot. The clot cuts off the blood flow to the heart completely or partially, and the portion of the heart muscle supplied by that artery starts to die. Heart attacked are very survivable, but having a heart attack should be a serious wake-up call that inspires a person to make lifestyle changes relating to medication, physical activity and dietary modifications.
What Is A Stroke?
Stokes occur when the blood vessels that supply the brain with oxygen become blocked, usually due to a blood clot. When the blood supply to a portion of the brain is blocked, cells start to die — just as with a heart attack. The result of blocked blood vessels mean the brain sustains damage and is unable to carry out some of the previous functions, such as talking or walking. There are different types of strokes, and some effects on a person may be permanent if too many brain cells die off due to lack of blood or oxygen. Dead cells can never regenerate, but injured cells can repair themselves.
Other Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart value issues: When a heart valve does not open enough to let blood flow through, it’s called stenosis. If the valve does not close the right way to allow blood to come through, it’s called regurgitation. A heart valve that bulges or prolapses back into the upper chamber is referred to as mitral valve prolapse.
Heart failure: This does not really mean that a heart will stop beating. A person with heart failure will sometimes have what is called congestive heart failure or CHF, which means the heart is not pumping blood as well as it should be. The heart will continue working, but it will not be able to meet the body’s needs for blood and oxygen. Heart failure can get worse if it is not treated.
Arrhythmia: This condition involves an abnormal heart rhythm. There are various types of arrhythmia's and the heart can beat irregularly, too slow or too fast. Bradycardia is a condition in which the heart rate is less than 60 bpm (beats per minute) and tachycardia is when the heart rate is more than 100 bpm (beats per minute).