Aviane is a progestin and estrogen combination pill used for contraception.
It prevents ovulation (a process in which an egg is released from an ovary) and this is its primary mechanism of action. Other than that, it changes the properties of the cervical mucus so the process of sperm penetration is slowed down. Altogether, the result is prevention of pregnancy.
Side Effects Of Aviane
During the first few months of Aviane usage (actually, all progestin and estrogen combination pills), spotting between periods may occur. Also, some patients experience missed or irregular periods.
Some side effects may occur immediately after patients begin using the pill and have a tendency to subside over time. Others will increase in intensity. Different patients react differently. Consulting a health professional about those occurrences is highly advised. An adequate estimation of the patient's condition and a proper action is the only safe way to deal with side effects.
Common side effects include:
- Nausea and vomiting (especially in the beginning — these usually subside over time)
- Fluid retention
- Vaginal itch or discomfort
- Increased vaginal fluids or discharge
- Breast tenderness
- Nipple discharge
- Increased body hair growth
- Hair loss (scalp)
- Body weight increase
- Decreased libido (sex drive) or decreased quality of sexual life
Although some patients report this problem, a study published in November 2016 stated that there is no negative impact of contraceptive pills on overall sexual function.
- Patients who have acne may experience worsening or improvement of their condition
Mood changes are a well-known side effect of contraceptive pills. If you have a history of depression, or you are currently fighting depression, inform your doctor so they can assess whether or not you can use contraceptive pills. In case you notice that you are becoming depressed while taking contraceptives, talk to your doctor. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, they will make a decision about further steps. Symptoms of depression are: poor concentration, insomnia, decreased interest in everyday activities, fatigue and an overall decrease of energy. Interestingly, a study published in 2016 measured the brain activity of the participants (functional MRI) before and after contraceptive pill use. The conclusion was that the use of combined contraceptive pills had just a marginal effect on brain activity.
- Heart disease (smokers)
Contraceptive pills are a risk factor for a heart disease. Cigarettes as well. It is strongly advised to quit smoking if you are taking contraceptive pills. In women who are non-smokers, without a significant family history of heart disease, the benefits of using low dosage contraceptive pills outweigh the risk of heart disease.
ONLY in case of the following health issues stop using the pill immediately and call your doctor:
- Sudden vision loss or blurry vision
- Chest pain
- Pain the groin or legs (especially if it is combined with swelling and redness)
- Sudden shortness of breath
- Signs of a heart attack
- Signs of a serious allergic reaction (e.g., abdominal cramps, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting, or swelling of the face and throat)
- Signs of a stroke (a headache, balance problems, difficulties speaking, weakness, numbness of tongue or extremities
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