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I received my test results and it came back positive for hep b value and negative for range, what does that mean


There are several tests for hepatitis B. You may have tested positive for one or more of the followings:
1. hepatitis B surface antibody: You have been exposed to the hepatitis B virus (HBV) either as an active infection, or as a result of vaccination, when HBV surface antigen is introduced. Your immune system is functionally properly, and offers immunity to further HBV infection.
2. hepatitis B surface antigen: HBV viral particles are present. This test detects early infection where symptoms have not yet appeared.
3. hepatitis B e-antigen indicates rapid replication of the virus in the body. Infectivity is high.
4. hepatitis B e-antibody is produced in response to early acute infection. The antibody persists during remission, as well as after elimination of the virus.
5. hepatitis B core antibody is produced in response to the exposed viral nuclear materials which are released following the lysis(death) of the viral particles. This is a measure of successful anti-viral treatment.

Additionally, the COBAS TaqMan HBV test amplifies sections of viral DNA from serum or plasma using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to estimate the number of viral particles present in the blood. Negative range means that viral particles are undetectable. This test is used as a measure of treatment success.

Your doctor has a duty to explain your test results to you.