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 my last menses was on 14th feb 2015 ... and  i  missed my periods on 14th march 2015 ....thn after tht  we had unsafe sex on 20th march 2015 .... i  just checked through prega news on 30th march 2015 .. the test was negative  .. now i too missed my periods again on 14th april 2015 ...  its being 2 months i didnt get my menses ..... i m pregant or not ...... ?????? plssss help me  

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Hello Karkum

Women with irregular periods may have far fewer chances to conceive each year, potentially making the path to parenthood for them a longer, more tiresome journey.

If you do have irregular periods, it is certainly possible to become pregnant. Understanding the causes of irregular periods and how you can help to restore cycle regularity can help as you embark on your trying to conceive adventure.

It is perfectly normal to experience some irregularity in your menstrual cycle from time to time, especially during stressful times or due to illness. For most women, cycle regularity will return once the stress and illness are resolved.

For women with chronic irregularity, it is likely that there is an underlying hormonal imbalance (probably with estrogen and progesterone) that is impacting the frequency of ovulation and/or menstruation. While it is not always easy to identify why a hormonal imbalance is present, there are a couple of known causes of hormonal imbalances in trying to conceive women.

A common cause of hormonal imbalance is the medical condition known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). One of the symptoms of PCOS is the stimulation of multiple follicles that generate high levels of estrogen, without the successful release of an egg. The excessive estrogen stimulates the uterine lining to thicken to a point where it must slough off, which results in menstrual bleeding even though no ovulation ever occurred.

Women who are battling eating disorders often have hormonal imbalances, which result in irregular or completely absent menstrual periods (called amenorrhea). In addition, women who exercise to excess (for example 3 hours per day of strenuous exercise) can become irregular. The lack of adequate nutrition resulting from anorexia and/or physical stress caused by excessive exercise can alter the chemistry of the brain, making it difficult for the brain to trigger the hormones necessary for follicle development. Lack of follicle development can cause estrogen deficiency.

Irregular periods can indicate that you are ovulating inconsistently or, in some cases, not at all. As you already know, it is impossible to conceive without an egg, so the less you ovulate the less opportunities you have to conceive.

First things first, it will be important to try to restore some regularity to your cycle and increase the frequency of ovulation. Fortunately, making a few simple (easier said than done, of course!) lifestyle changes can help you improve the balance of your hormones and help to make your periods more regular:

  • Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet: Step away from the vending machine! Try to incorporate more whole grains, fruits and vegetables and avoid foods that are high in refined carbohydrates and fat.
  • Attain a healthy weight: If you are overweight, losing a few pounds through a moderate calorie restriction and moderate exercise can be very beneficial, especially if you have been diagnosed with PCOS. Likewise, if you are underweight, try adding on a few pounds. Extremely low body fat can be associated with low estrogen levels, which can cause cycle irregularity.
  • Take a fertility-enhancing supplement: Every "trying-to-conceive" woman should be taking a prenatal vitamin, simply as a way to ensure that they are taking in all of the nutrients they need to sustain a healthy pregnancy and support a growing fetus. In addition, the herb Vitex agnus-castus (commonly known as Chasteberry) has been shown to help promote hormonal balance, restore cycle regularity, and increase ovulation frequency. Supplementing your diet with a fertility-enhancing supplement that contains a full prenatal vitamin and hormone-balancing herbs might be just what you need to get your cycles back on track.
  • Exercise regularly and moderately: Getting regular exercise is a key to fertility. On the other hand, too much exercise that is too strenuous in nature can have a detrimental impact on fertility.

Good luck

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