How does a person know that diffence between DKA and hyperglycaemia? Are they different in symptoms or do they have similar ones? I am just wondering because I am reading on diabetes and the thing about hyperglycemia was talked about. Then DKA was described later but I thought they were the same thing. Someone please shed some light on this.
Hey there guest. It is very common to confuse Hyperglycemia and Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) because many people use them interchangably and they are often talked about together.
Hyperglycemia is simply high levels (HypER) of glucose (glyc) in the blood (emia). There are varying levels of hyperglycemia and the higher the blood glucose levels get the more serious the risk.
Diabetic Ketoacidodis is a serious condition cased by the inability for the body to use and uptake the glucose in the blood due to a lack of insulin. because the body can not utilize the glucose in the blood it has to get its energy elsewhere so it starts breaking down fat.. when fats are broken down in the body acidic compounds known as keytones get released and build up in the blood. this in turn throw the body's pH balance out of wack and starts a cascade of negative affects on the body.
the reason hyperglycemia and DKA are often talked about together is because someone who has DKA is going to have Hyperglycemia because there is no or little insuline present in the body to lower the blood glucose levels.
does this make sense?
I agree with Biomajor10's description of DKA and hyperglycaemia. Even though both of these conditions are serious concerns, DKA can be more deadly if not treated. It occurs more so in Type 1 insulin-dependent diabetics. The body uses fatty acids for energy if no glucose is readily available and it causes ketones to be made. Ketones can lead to severe dehydration in as little as 24 hours and if left untreated, can lead to coma.