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Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and it is caused by the bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. It causes damage to a woman's reproductive organs.

Even though symptoms of Chlamydia are usually mild or absent, some very serious complications can occur which can cause irreversible damage, including infertility. The big problem is that it can exist silently for a long time before a woman even recognizes a problem. Chlamydia can also infect males and cause discharge from the penis. Most people do not know that Chlamydia infection is one of the leading causes of infertility in women. Sexually active individuals and individuals with multiple partners are at the highest risk.

Incidence

Chlamydia is one of the most widespread bacterial STDs in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that more than 3 million people are infected each year. Not all infected people exhibit symptoms of Chlamydia. About half of all men and three-quarters of all women who have Chlamydia have no symptoms. Prevalence rates are highest in adolescent girls although the disease affects both men and women and occurs in all age groups. It is four times more common than gonorrhea and six times more common than herpes.

Chlamydia trachomatis spreading

The bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis is causing chlamydia infection. The bacterium is most commonly spread through sexual intercourse or any other intimate genitals contact. The rectal area and the mouth can also be the target tissues for Chlamydia. It's also possible for a mother to spread chlamydia to her child during delivery, causing pneumonia or a serious eye infection. There are several varieties of Chlamydia and it also cause another sexually transmitted disease called lymphogranuloma venereum.

The initial signs include:

  • genital sores,
  • fever
  • swollen lymph nodes in the groin area
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