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Excessive vaginal secretions are common complaints within the female population and can be caused by a number different factors. Medically speaking, there are three categories of diseases that could cause this excessive discharge:

  • non-infectious,
  • sexually transmitted,
  • and non-sexually transmitted diseases. 

To start off, non-infectious reasons for excessive vaginal discharge are thankfully the most common etiology and are the easiest to treat. Women commonly have vaginal glands that are overactive at times during their menstrual cycles and can be exacerbated by changes in diet, stress or activity levels. A big reason for this is due to the composition of birth control pills that the majority of females of reproductive age ingest. Progestin is an active ingredient and can lead to glands over-secreting mucus and cause vaginal wetness. In one investigation, 18.6 percent of progestin pill users complained of vaginal wetness and of this group, nearly 1 out of 5 women needed to switch to an alternative form of birth control due to the unpleasant sensation.[1]

Other common non-infectious causes of these excessive vaginal secretions include foreign bodies that could be retained in the vagina, such as tampons or toilet paper. Glands increase their production of mucous when a foreign body is present in the canal as a way to force the object out before a possible infection. Proper hygiene and making sure that all paper material is removed are great ways to eliminate this as a possible cause of over-secretion. 

The next most common class of possible reasons to have "wet vagina" is due to non-sexually transmitted infections. Two of the most common culprits that physicians need to combat extensively are Bacteria Vaginosis and Candida infections. Bacterial Vaginosis can be seen in 49 percent of the female population and is due to excessive bacteria growing in the vaginal canal. The vagina is a perfect environment for many bacteria due to its naturally hospitable environment. The pH levels in the vagina are less acidic than most other surfaces and orifices in the body so bacteria can grow and multiply without fear. Patients will often present with increased vaginal secretions with a distinctive "fishy odor," especially after having sex with men. Sperm from men is naturally basic and when it comes in contact with more acidic vaginas, the sperm will be destroyed and an ammonia scent with be evident. Simple antibiotic preparations can return the balance of bacteria back to normal thresholds and vaginal secretions should lessen. 

The last category of increased vaginal secretions that patients should consider would be from the dreaded sexually transmitted category. Diseases like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea or Trichomonas fall into this group. Anytime individuals practice unprotected sex, even simple penetration into the vaginal canal can lead to these pathogens entering the vaginal canal. Inflammation and obvious discharge will follow and more extensive antibiotic treatment plans are necessary to cure yourself from these conditions or risk very serious long-term complications. The best treatment is to avoid the problem entirely by always practice safe sex when with partners. Simple OCPs may protect against pregnancy but condom use should always be encouraged in order to prevent this bacteria transmission. [2]

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