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Hello! I work in a bakery. I spend most of my time near hot ovens as most of my colleagues. Our boss doesn’t pay much attention to our security although he paid several penalties due to his carelessness. I would like to be ready if an accident occurs. How to treat second degree thermal burn?

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Hello! Second-degree burns have blisters and they are painful. The skin is very red and it may swell a lot. Such burns usually heal in two to three weeks. It is essential to soak the burn in cool water for 15 minutes. Cool, clean, wet cloths should be put on the burn for a few minutes every day. An antibiotic cream or other cream prescribed by your doctor is also used. The burn should be covered with a dry nonstick dressing and the doctor should make sure the patient is up-to-date on tetanus shots. The dressing should be changed every day as the doctor prescribed. The burn should be checked every day for signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, swelling or pus. If signs of infection occurs doctor should be visited as soon as possible.


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Some second-degree burns may need to be treated in a hospital. These include major burns, electrical burns, and chemical burns. Many other second-degree burns can be treated with regular first aid, such as:

  • Cooling the burn. Use cool, germ-free (sterile) salt water. Place the burned area of skin into a tub of water, or cover the burned area with clean, wet towels.

  • Taking pain medicine.

  • Removing the dead skin from broken blisters. A trained caregiver may do this. Do not pop blisters.

  • Gently washing your skin with mild soap.

  • Covering the burned area with a cream. Silver sulfadiazine is a cream for burns. An antibiotic cream, such as bacitracin, may also be used to fight infection. Do not use other ointments or creams unless your caregiver says it is okay.

  • Protecting the burn with a sterile, non-sticky bandage.

  • Bandaging fingers and toes separately. This keeps them from sticking together.

  • Taking an antibiotic. This can help prevent infection.

  • Getting a tetanus shot.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS

Medication

  • Take any medicine prescribed by your caregiver. Follow the directions carefully.

  • Ask your caregiver if you can take over-the-counter medicine to relieve pain and swelling. Do not give aspirin to children.

  • Make sure your caregiver knows about all other medicines you take. This includes over-the-counter medicines.

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