I had surgery 6 months ago to have adhesions cut away that had attached to my small intestine. The adhesions apparently have been growing since I was very young and had hernia surgery on both sides of my lower abdomen. At the same time the surgeon fixed a hernia near my belly button. All of these repairs were performed using laparoscopic surgery. Since this surgery I have had continuous pain in my left testicle. What could be the potential causes of this pain?